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Titolo:
PREDICTORS OF RELAPSE TO HEAVY DRINKING IN ALCOHOL-DEPENDENT SUBJECTSFOLLOWING ALCOHOL DETOXIFICATION - THE ROLE OF QUALITY-OF-LIFE MEASURES, ETHNICITY, SOCIAL-CLASS, CIGARETTE AND DRUG-USE
Autore:
FOSTER JH; MARSHALL EJ; PETERS TJ;
Indirizzi:
KINGS COLL HOSP,DEPT CLIN BIOCHEM,DENMARK HILL LONDON SE5 9PJ ENGLAND UNIV LONDON KINGS COLL,SCH MED & DENT,DEPT CLIN BIOCHEM LONDON ENGLAND UNIV LONDON KINGS COLL,SCH MED & DENT,DEPT PSYCHOL MED LONDON ENGLAND
Titolo Testata:
Addiction biology
fascicolo: 3, volume: 3, anno: 1998,
pagine: 333 - 343
SICI:
1355-6215(1998)3:3<333:PORTHD>2.0.ZU;2-B
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SMOKING CESSATION; OF-LIFE; CONSUMPTION; QUESTIONNAIRE; POPULATION; ADDICTION; VALIDITY; SEVERITY; SAMPLE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
51
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
J.H. Foster et al., "PREDICTORS OF RELAPSE TO HEAVY DRINKING IN ALCOHOL-DEPENDENT SUBJECTSFOLLOWING ALCOHOL DETOXIFICATION - THE ROLE OF QUALITY-OF-LIFE MEASURES, ETHNICITY, SOCIAL-CLASS, CIGARETTE AND DRUG-USE", Addiction biology, 3(3), 1998, pp. 333-343

Abstract

Sixty DSM-IV alcohol dependent adults (39 males, 21 females) admitted20 a voluntary sector alcohol detoxification unit in South London were studied. Socio-demographic data and information on level of alcohol dependence, quality of life, family history, cigarette smoking and theuse of prescription/illicit drugs were collected. The subjects were followed-up at 12 weeks and subdivided into two groups, relapse and non-relapse. A relapse was defined as drinking 21 units or more per week for males and 14 units or more per week for females. Data were analysed for baseline and 12-week follow-up comparisons. At ii weeks, 58 (97%) subjects (38 males, 20 females) were successfully followed-up and 36/58 (62%) had relapsed After controlling for a Type I error there weresignificant differences between the relapse and non-relapse subgroupsat 12-week follow-up on the following outcome measures; depression, life situation. withdrawal symptoms, energy, emotional reactions and social isolation. There were no significant differences at baseline between the relapse and non-relapse subgroups for most of the socio-demographic variables, but Irish nationality and membership of lower social classes (IV and V) were associated with relapse. Major predictors of relapse at baseline after a forward stepwise logistic regression were (in order of increasing statistical significance) Irish nationality, lower social class, greater number of cigarettes smoked and disturbed sleep. The findings are discussed with reference to their consistency with existing research and potential clinical implications.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 27/01/20 alle ore 17:53:29