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Titolo:
EXERCISE CAPACITY IN HEART-TRANSPLANT RECIPIENTS - RELATION TO IMPAIRED ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT VASODILATION OF THE PERIPHERAL MICROCIRCULATION
Autore:
ANDREASSEN AK; KVERNEBO K; JORGENSEN B; SIMONSEN S; KJEKSHUS J; GULLESTAD L;
Indirizzi:
UNIV OSLO,RIKSHOSP,DEPT MED B N-0027 OSLO NORWAY UNIV OSLO,RIKSHOSP,DEPT CARDIOL N-0027 OSLO NORWAY UNIV OSLO,ULLEVAL HOSP,DEPT SURG OSLO NORWAY
Titolo Testata:
The American heart journal
fascicolo: 2, volume: 136, anno: 1998,
pagine: 320 - 328
SICI:
0002-8703(1998)136:2<320:ECIHR->2.0.ZU;2-W
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ORTHOTOPIC CARDIAC TRANSPLANTATION; TISSUE BLOOD-FLOW; NITRIC-OXIDE; RESISTANCE ARTERIES; CALCIUM-ANTAGONISTS; FAILURE; CYCLOSPORINE; DYSFUNCTION; RESPONSES; ACETYLCHOLINE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
34
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
A.K. Andreassen et al., "EXERCISE CAPACITY IN HEART-TRANSPLANT RECIPIENTS - RELATION TO IMPAIRED ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT VASODILATION OF THE PERIPHERAL MICROCIRCULATION", The American heart journal, 136(2), 1998, pp. 320-328

Abstract

Objectives The aim of this study was to examine the responses to endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilators on the peripheral microcirculation in heart transplant recipients in relation to exercise capacity compared with that in healthy controls. Background Impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation of the microcirculation may play an important role in the limitation of exercise capacity after heart transplantation. Methods Microvascular perfusion responses to four graded levels of iontophoretically applied 1% acetylcholine (endothelium-dependent vasodilator) and 1% sodium nitroprusside (SNP) (endothelium-independent) in the forearm skin of 42 transplant recipients and 16 age-matched controls were determined by laser Doppler perfusion measurements. Maximal exercise capacity was assessed by peak oxygen uptake (peak Vo(2)) during progressive, symptom-limited, upright bicycle exercise. Results With similar baseline perfusion levels in transplant recipients and controls (4.2 +/- 0.4 vs 4.6 +/- 0.6 arbitrary units [AU]), the increases in perfusion to acetylcholine, but nor to SNP, were significantly attenuated in the transplant recipients: 7.0 +/- 1.0 vs 11.0 +/- 2.0, 12.7 +/- 1.5 vs 21.0 +/- 2.8, 21.0 +/- 1.9 vs 32.7 +/- 2.4, and 28.0 +/- 1.6 vs 39.2 +/- 2.4 AU, respectively tall p < 0.01). Peak Vo(2) was significantly lower in the transplant recipients (22.4 +/- 1.0 vs 38.0 +/- 2.9 ml/kg/min; p < 0.01). Furthermore, acetylcholine responses of the transplant recipients correlated closely to their peak Vo(2) irrespective of level of application (r = 0.63; p < 0.001, all four acetylcholine responses taken together), whereas no such correlation wasfound For SNP responses. In the control group, no relation was observed in acetylcholine/SNP responses to peak Vo(2). Conclusions Exercise limitation in transplant recipients appears strongly associated with attenuated endothelium-dependent vasodilation of the peripheral microcirculation.

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Documento generato il 25/11/20 alle ore 07:13:51