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Titolo:
MCLEAN-HOSPITAL-DEPRESSION-RESEARCH-FACILITY - EARLY-ONSET PHOBIC DISORDERS AND ADULT-ONSET MAJOR DEPRESSION
Autore:
SCHATZBERG AF; SAMSON JA; ROTHSCHILD AJ; BOND TC; REGIER DA;
Indirizzi:
STANFORD UNIV,SCH MED,DEPT PSYCHIAT & BEHAV SCI,401 QUARRY RD STANFORD CA 94305 HARVARD UNIV,SCH MED,DEPT PSYCHIAT CAMBRIDGE MA 02138 UNIV MASSACHUSETTS,SCH MED,DEPT PSYCHIAT AMHERST MA 01003 BOSTON UNIV,SCH MED,DEPT PSYCHIAT BOSTON MA 02215 NIMH,DIV EPIDEMIOL & SERV RES ROCKVILLE MD 00000
Titolo Testata:
British Journal of Psychiatry
, volume: 173, anno: 1998, supplemento:, 34
pagine: 29 - 34
SICI:
0007-1250(1998)173:<29:M-EPD>2.0.ZU;2-#
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
NATIONAL COMORBIDITY SURVEY; ANXIETY DISORDERS; PANIC DISORDER; SOCIAL PHOBIA; FAMILY; SECONDARY; CHILDREN; HISTORY; RISK;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
30
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
A.F. Schatzberg et al., "MCLEAN-HOSPITAL-DEPRESSION-RESEARCH-FACILITY - EARLY-ONSET PHOBIC DISORDERS AND ADULT-ONSET MAJOR DEPRESSION", British Journal of Psychiatry, 173, 1998, pp. 29-34

Abstract

Background This study explores the temporal relationship between anxiety and major depressive disorders in a cohort of patients with current major depression. Method Current prevalence and lifetime history of specific anxiety disorders were assessed using the Structured ClinicalInterview for DSM - III - R Diagnosis (SCID - P) in 85 patients with DSM - III - R major depression. Consensus DSM - III - R diagnoses wereassigned by art least two psychiatrists or psychologists. Results Twenty-nine per cent met criteria for at least one current anxiety disorder and 34% had at least one anxiety disorder at some point in their lives. The mean (s. d.) age of onset oi anxiety disorder in the depressed patients with comorbid social or simple phobia(15 (9) years) was significantly younger than was that of their major depression (25 (9) years). In contrast, the mean (s.d.) age of onset of anxiety in patients with comorbid panic or OCD (20 (8) years) was similar to that seen fortheir major depression (21 (9) years). In patients with major depression with comorbid anxiety disorders, both the social phobia (10 of 13)and simple phobia (4 of 4) were more commonly reported to start at least two years prior to their major depression in contrast to depressives with comorbid panic (3 of 10 subjects) - Fisher's exact test, P = 0.01. Conclusions Early-onset social and simple phobias appear to be risk factors for later onset of major depression.

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Documento generato il 04/12/20 alle ore 04:01:19