Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
VARIATIONAL THEORY OF BULK HE-4 WITH SHADOW WAVE-FUNCTIONS - GROUND-STATE AND THE PHONON-MAXON-ROTON SPECTRUM
Autore:
MORONI S; GALLI DE; FANTONI S; REATTO L;
Indirizzi:
ABDUS SALAM INT CTR THEORET PHYS,STRADA COSTIERA 11 I-34014 TRIESTE ITALY IST NAZL FIS MAT I-20133 MILAN ITALY UNIV MILAN,DIPARTIMENTO FIS I-20133 MILAN ITALY SCUOLA INT SUPER STUDI AVANZATI I-34014 TRIESTE ITALY
Titolo Testata:
Physical review. B, Condensed matter
fascicolo: 2, volume: 58, anno: 1998,
pagine: 909 - 924
SICI:
0163-1829(1998)58:2<909:VTOBHW>2.0.ZU;2-#
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
QUANTUM MONTE-CARLO; SUPERFLUID HE-4; PAIR CORRELATIONS; LIQUID-HE-4; EXCITATIONS; HELIUM;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
41
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
S. Moroni et al., "VARIATIONAL THEORY OF BULK HE-4 WITH SHADOW WAVE-FUNCTIONS - GROUND-STATE AND THE PHONON-MAXON-ROTON SPECTRUM", Physical review. B, Condensed matter, 58(2), 1998, pp. 909-924

Abstract

We apply an efficient optimization scheme to shadow wave functions (SWF's) for the ground state of liquid and solid He-4. Results improve on previous variational energies in both phases. In the liquid, the gain over a wave function with only pair and triplet correlations increases with density, providing a quantitative estimate of the increasing effect of higher-order correlations. The discrepancy with the exact ground-state energy is nearly constant over a wide range of densities, yielding excellent estimates for the equilibrium, freezing,and melting densities. The optimal SWF's can be represented with high precision by density-independent sets of variational parameters for the liquid and the solid phases. An extensive study of ground-state properties demonstrates the uniformly good quality of the variational description afforded by the optimized SWF's. Based on such an accurate representation of the ground state, and including the correct long-range correlations due to the zero-point motion of phonons, we compute the excitation spectrum and the strength of the single quasiparticle excitation peak. While the use of optimized SWF's confirms the accuracy of previous studies in the maxon-roton region, the proper treatment of long-range correlations allows us to extend to the phonon region the agreement betweentheory and experiment. We simulate relatively large systems in order to explore the long-wavelength regime in detail. Even down to wave vectors where the excitation energy exhibits a highly linear dispersion, which would suggest a harmonic phonon mode, the kinetic and potential energies of the excitation are far from verifying equipartition. This result is supported by additional diffusion Monte Carlo simulations within the fixed node approximation. We locate the onset of the harmonicregime for the long-wavelength excitations at an extremely small value of the wave vector, k less than or similar to 0.05 Angstrom(-1). [S0163-1829(98)00126-X].

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 26/11/20 alle ore 11:00:22