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Titolo:
MAGNESIUM DEFICIENCY-DEPENDENT AUDIOGENIC-SEIZURES (MDDASS) IN ADULT MICE - A NUTRITIONAL MODEL FOR DISCRIMINATORY SCREENING OF ANTICONVULSANT DRUGS AND ORIGINAL ASSESSMENT OF NEUROPROTECTION PROPERTIES
Autore:
BAC P; MAUROIS P; DUPONT C; PAGES N; STABLES JP; GRESSENS P; EVRARD P; VAMECQ J;
Indirizzi:
INSERM,U42,CTR ETUD & RECH TECHNOL IND ALIMENTAIRES,369 RUE JULES GUESDE, BP 39 F-59651 VILLENEUVE DASCQ FRANCE INSERM,U42,CTR ETUD & RECH TECHNOL IND ALIMENTAIRES F-59651 VILLENEUVE DASCQ FRANCE UNIV PARIS 11,FAC PHARM,PHARMACOL LAB F-92290 CHATENAY MALABR FRANCE FAC PHARM,TOXICOL LAB F-67401 STRASBOURG FRANCE NINCDS,PRECLIN PHARMACOL SECT,EPILEPSY BRANCH,DIV CONVULS DEV & NEUROMUSCULAR DISORDERS,NIH BETHESDA MD 20892 HOP ROBERT DEBRE,LAB NEUROL DEV F-75019 PARIS FRANCE HOP ROBERT DEBRE,SERV NEUROL PEDIAT F-75019 PARIS FRANCE UNIV PARIS 07,FAC MED XAVIER BICHAT F-75019 PARIS FRANCE CTR HOSP REG & UNIV LILLE,INSERM,LAB EXT,CTR ETUD & RECH TECHNOL IND ALIMENTAIRES F-59651 VILLENEUVE DASCQ FRANCE
Titolo Testata:
The Journal of neuroscience
fascicolo: 11, volume: 18, anno: 1998,
pagine: 4363 - 4373
SICI:
0270-6474(1998)18:11<4363:MDA(IA>2.0.ZU;2-Y
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PLATELET-ACTIVATING-FACTOR; EPILEPSY-PRONE RATS; PONTINE RETICULAR-FORMATION; INFERIOR COLLICULUS PLAYS; EXCITANT AMINO-ACID; ETHANOL WITHDRAWAL; RECEPTOR-BINDING; NEUROETHOLOGICAL EVALUATION; CEREBRAL-ISCHEMIA; NOISE EXPOSURE;
Keywords:
ANTIEPILEPTIC DRUGS; PHENYTOIN; CARBAMAZEPINE; PHENOBARBITAL; ETHOSUXIMIDE; VALPROIC ACID; DIAZEPAM; NUTRITION; MAGNESIUM DEFICIENCY; ANTICONVULSANTS; AUDIOGENIC SEIZURES; ELECTROSHOCK; MES; PENTYLENETETRAZOL; BICUCULLINE; NEUROPROTECTORS; PICROTOXIN; THIENO-TRIAZOLODIAZEPINE; BENZODIAZEPINE; HEFRAZEPINE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
71
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
P. Bac et al., "MAGNESIUM DEFICIENCY-DEPENDENT AUDIOGENIC-SEIZURES (MDDASS) IN ADULT MICE - A NUTRITIONAL MODEL FOR DISCRIMINATORY SCREENING OF ANTICONVULSANT DRUGS AND ORIGINAL ASSESSMENT OF NEUROPROTECTION PROPERTIES", The Journal of neuroscience, 18(11), 1998, pp. 4363-4373

Abstract

A great many animal models for audiogenic seizures have been described. The extent to which these models may provide insight into neuroscience fields such as abnormal locomotor behavior (wild running), seizures and anticonvulsants, and neuroinsults and neuroprotectors is examined here by our study of magnesium deficiency-dependent audiogenic seizures (MDDASs) in adult mice. MDDASs were induced in all of the eight tested adult murine strains and are presented as a sequence of four successive components (latency, wild running, convulsion, and recovery phase periods). Compared with several classic seizure tests, the nutritional MDDAS model responded to low doses of prototype antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), including phenytoin (PHT), carbamazepine (CBZ), phenobarbital (PB), valproic acid (VPA), ethosuximide (ESM), and diazepam (DZP). Modulation by AEDs of the four components of MDDAS indicated that this seizure test was discriminatory, distinguishing between phenytoinergic(PHT, CBZ), GABAergic (PB, VPA, DZP), and ethosuximide (ESM) compounds. Suitability of the MDDAS test for evaluation of neuroprotective compounds was also examined: it showed partial (melatonin) and complete (WEB2170, an anti-PAF agent) reduction of recovery phase by non-anticonvulsant doses of test compounds. These neuroprotective responses were compared with neuroprotective potentials determined in a model of neonatal cerebral injury induced by focal injection of ibotenate (a glutamate analog). WEB2170 and melatonin reduced the size of lesions in white matter, but only WEB2170 protected cortical plate against ibotenate-induced lesions. In addition to the original neuroprotective behavior of WEB2170, studies on the neuroprotectors also supported GABAergic anticonvulsant activity of melatonin in the MDDAS test.

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Documento generato il 13/07/20 alle ore 16:27:55