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Titolo:
DISCRETE TRAIT AND DENTAL MORPHOMETRIC AFFINITIES OF THE TABUN-2 MANDIBLE
Autore:
STEFAN VH; TRINKAUS E;
Indirizzi:
WASHINGTON UNIV,DEPT ANTHROPOL,CAMPUS BOX 1114 ST LOUIS MO 63130 UNIV BORDEAUX 1,LAB ANTHROPOL,URA 376 CNRS F-33405 TALENCE FRANCE
Titolo Testata:
Journal of Human Evolution
fascicolo: 5, volume: 34, anno: 1998,
pagine: 443 - 468
SICI:
0047-2484(1998)34:5<443:DTADMA>2.0.ZU;2-#
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HOMINID BURIAL SITE; HUMAN REMAINS; ESR DATES; ISRAEL; EVOLUTION; CAVE; CHARENTE; KRAPINA; QAFZEH; SKHUL;
Keywords:
NEANDERTALS; EARLY MODERN HUMANS; LATE PLEISTOCENE; HUMAN PALEONTOLOGY;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
118
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
V.H. Stefan e E. Trinkaus, "DISCRETE TRAIT AND DENTAL MORPHOMETRIC AFFINITIES OF THE TABUN-2 MANDIBLE", Journal of Human Evolution, 34(5), 1998, pp. 443-468

Abstract

Evolutionary scenarios of Near Eastern Middle Paleolithic hominids depend to an extent upon whether the terminal Middle Pleistocene Tabun 2mandible has its primary affinities with the late archaic (Neandertalsensu late) or early modern (Qafzeh-Skhul) human lineage in the region. Since the specimen has been assigned to each group or seen as bridging them, we have re-examined its morphological affinities relative tothese two samples, as well as to European samples of later Pleistocene hominids. This has been done with respect to posterior corporeal andramal discrete traits, symphyseal morphology, and proportional morphometric patterns along the dental arcade. Taking within and between sample ranges of variation into account, the lateral corporeal and ramal discrete characters are either ambiguous or suggest Neandertal affinities Anterior symphyseal morphology is largely unknown, but a mentum osseum is indicated by a moderate incisura mandibulare anterior, and thetuber symphyseos did not extend superiorly toward the alveoli, a non-modern arrangement. The lingual symphysis presents the largest planum alveolare known for a Near Eastern Middle Paleolithic hominid. Morphometric analysis of proportions along the dental arcade separate Tabun 2from Near Eastern and European early modern humans and place it amongthe late archaic humans. It is dentally closest to the Near Eastern late archaic human lineage and the Krapina sample. These analyses therefore indicate that it is best seen as part of the Near Eastern late archaic human lineage with only the mentum osseum and incisure shape indicating any approach to the Qafzeh-Skhul humans within the Near Eastern Middle Paleolithic. (C) 1998 Academic Press Limited.

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Documento generato il 27/11/20 alle ore 04:45:31