Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
EXPRESSION OF BCL-2 AND BAX IN TGF-BETA-1-INDUCED APOPTOSIS OF L1210 LEUKEMIC-CELLS
Autore:
MOTYL T; GRZELKOWSKA K; ZIMOWSKA W; SKIERSKI J; WARESKI P; PLOSZAJ T; TRZECIAK L;
Indirizzi:
AGR UNIV WARSAW,FAC MED VET,DEPT ANIM PHYSIOL,NOWOURSYNOWSKA 166 PL-02787 WARSAW POLAND DRUG INST,FLOW CYTOMETRY LAB WARSAW POLAND MED CTR POSTGRAD EDUC,DEPT GASTROENTEROL WARSAW POLAND
Titolo Testata:
European journal of cell biology
fascicolo: 4, volume: 75, anno: 1998,
pagine: 367 - 374
SICI:
0171-9335(1998)75:4<367:EOBABI>2.0.ZU;2-U
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
TRANSFORMING GROWTH-FACTOR; FACTOR-BETA; GROWTH-FACTOR-BETA-1; INDUCTION; DEATH; FACTOR-BETA-1; PROLIFERATION; TGF-BETA(1); CANCER;
Keywords:
TGF-BETA-1; BCL-2; BAX; APOPTOSIS; REACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
43
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
T. Motyl et al., "EXPRESSION OF BCL-2 AND BAX IN TGF-BETA-1-INDUCED APOPTOSIS OF L1210 LEUKEMIC-CELLS", European journal of cell biology, 75(4), 1998, pp. 367-374

Abstract

TGF-beta 1 is a multifunctional regulatory peptide (25 kDa) inducing growth arrest and apoptosis in many normal and neoplastic cells, In the present study; the involvement of proapoptotic (bar) and antiapoptotic (bcl-2) genes in the molecular mechanism of TGF-beta 1-induced apoptosis of L1210 leukemic cells was investigated. Bas transcript was measured using the RT-PCR method with GAPDH as a ''housekeeping gene'' control, whereas Bcl-2 protein was determined using nom cytometry (FITC-conjugated monoclonal anti-Bcl-2 antibody and FITC-conjugated mouse anti-IgG(1) antibody as a negative control). Apoptosis was evaluated using fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry after cell staining withDAPI and sulforhodamine or propidium iodide and Hoechst 33342. ROS generation was assessed by flow cytometry using the oxidation-sensitive fluorescent marker C-DCDHF-DA. The response of L1210 leukemic cells toTGF-beta 1 was two-directional: I) partial arrest of the cell cycle at G(1)-S transition, and 2) induction of apoptotic cell death, TGF-beta 1 increased the number of leukemic cells with typical morphological features of apoptosis: cell shrinkage, condensation of chromatin, pyknosis and fragmentation of nuclei, followed by secondary necrosis, DIVAcleavage led to a decrease of the nuclear DNA content and the appearance of a hypo-diploid peak sub-G(1) in the DNA histogram, The extraction of low-molecular weight DNA fragments from apoptotic cells showed that TGF-beta 1-induced apoptosis concerned first of all the cells fromG(1) phase. Two phases of intracellular ROS generation in TGF-beta 1-treated cultures were observed: the first (rapid, 60 min after TGF-beta 1 administration), and the second (slow, occurring between 24 and 48h of experiment, respectively). The increase of apoptotic cell numberin TGF-beta 1-treated cultures (2% FCS/RPMI 1640) was associated withthe decrease of cell number expressing bcl-2, and with a significant drop of Bcl-2 level in the remaining cells after Wh, The dose-dependent relationship between TGF-beta 1 concentration and Bcl-2 level was nonlinear and described by power series regression, The lowest Bcl-2 level was noted at 1 ng/ml of TGF-beta 1 concentration. The increase of Bax mRNA:GAPDH mRNA ratio was observed 3 h after TGF-beta 1 (1 ng/mi) administration to both the maintenance (2% FCS/RPMI) and growth promoting (10 % FCS/RPMI) medium, Regardless of TGF-beta 1 treatment, the quantity of Bar transcript was dependent on FCS concentration. being higher in the growth promoting medium. The results of this study indicate that bax may function as a primary response gene and together with lowered Bcl-2 level may determine the induction of apoptotic process in L1210 leukemic cells exposed to TGF-beta 1.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 02/07/20 alle ore 21:25:57