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Titolo:
FORMS AND CONCENTRATION OF PHOSPHORUS IN DRAINAGE WATER OF 27 TILE-DRAINED SOILS
Autore:
BEAUCHEMIN S; SIMARD RR; CLUIS D;
Indirizzi:
AGR & AGRI FOOD CANADA,SOILS & CROPS RES & DEV CTR,2560 HOCHELAGA BLVD ST FOY PQ G1V 2J3 CANADA INRS EAU ST FOY PQ GIV 4C7 CANADA
Titolo Testata:
Journal of environmental quality
fascicolo: 3, volume: 27, anno: 1998,
pagine: 721 - 728
SICI:
0047-2425(1998)27:3<721:FACOPI>2.0.ZU;2-G
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SUSPENDED-SOLIDS; CLAY SOIL; AVAILABILITY; FRACTIONS; SORPTION; NITROGEN; FOREST; LOADS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
26
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
S. Beauchemin et al., "FORMS AND CONCENTRATION OF PHOSPHORUS IN DRAINAGE WATER OF 27 TILE-DRAINED SOILS", Journal of environmental quality, 27(3), 1998, pp. 721-728

Abstract

In most mineral soils, P leaching is rarely viewed as an important environmental issue. However, P accumulation and decreased P sorption capacities in surface horizons of long-term fertilized soils may increase downward P movement, The objective of this study was to measure the concentration and characterize the P forms in drainage waters from nine soil series widely differing in clay content. Twenty-seven sites were sampled in 1994 and 1995 from an intensively cropped area of the province of Quebec, Canada, Drainage waters were characterized for their total P (TP), dissolved reactive P (DRP), dissolved organic P (DOP), and total particulate P (TPP) contents. The Quebec surface water quality standard of 0.03 mg TP L-1 was exceeded in 14 out of 27 sites in 1994 but only in 6 out of 25 sites in 1995. Of the 14 sites exceeding 0.03 mg TP L-1 in 1994, 10 were clayey soils. Under these circumstances, more than 50% of the TP was as TPP whereas DOP forms represented <30%,In 1995, TPP forms accounted for, on average, <50% of TP and DOP accounted for more than 40% of the TP concentrations. This study suggests that flat clayey soils of medium to rich P status may be particularly at risk of exceeding water quality standards in subsurface runoff. Phosphorus losses in particulate form may be important in subsurface runoff from clayey soils when weather conditions favor rapid Bow through cracks or macropores.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 30/11/20 alle ore 16:42:26