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Titolo:
LOCOMOTION AND BODY PROPORTIONS OF THE SAINT-CESAIRE-1-CHATELPERRONIAN-NEANDERTHAL
Autore:
TRINKAUS E; RUFF CB; CHURCHILL SE; VANDERMEERSCH B;
Indirizzi:
WASHINGTON UNIV,DEPT ANTHROPOL,CAMPUS BOX 1114 ST LOUIS MO 63130 UNIV BORDEAUX 1,URA 376 CNRS,LAB ANTHROPOL F-33405 TALENCE FRANCE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV,SCH MED,DEPT CELL BIOL & ANAT BALTIMORE MD 21205 DUKE UNIV,DEPT BIOL ANTHROPOL & ANAT DURHAM NC 27708
Titolo Testata:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United Statesof America
fascicolo: 10, volume: 95, anno: 1998,
pagine: 5836 - 5840
SICI:
0027-8424(1998)95:10<5836:LABPOT>2.0.ZU;2-T
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
POSTCRANIAL ROBUSTICITY; HOMO;
Keywords:
POSTCRANIA; BIOMECHANICS; EARLY MODERN HUMANS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
39
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
E. Trinkaus et al., "LOCOMOTION AND BODY PROPORTIONS OF THE SAINT-CESAIRE-1-CHATELPERRONIAN-NEANDERTHAL", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United Statesof America, 95(10), 1998, pp. 5836-5840

Abstract

The initial Upper Paleolithic (Chatelperronian) of western Europe wasassociated with late European Neandertals, best known through the Saint-Cesaire 1 partial skeleton. Biomechanical cross-sectional analysis of the Saint-Cesaire 1 femoral diaphysis at the subtrochanteric and midshaft levels, given the plasticity of mammalian diaphyseal cortical bone, provides insights into the habitual levels and patterns of loading on the lower limbs from body mass, proportions, and locomotion. The overall robustnesses of the femoral diaphyses of European Neandertals and early modern humans are similar once contrasts in body proportionsare incorporated into the body size scaling. Saint-Cesaire 1 matches these samples only if it is provided with Neandertal-like hyperarctic body proportions. And the rounded proximal femoral diaphysis of Saint-Cesaire 1 is similar to those of earlier Neandertals, likely also reflecting similar cold-adapted broad pelvic regions. However, although morphologically similar to those of archaic Homo the Saint-Cesaire 1 femoral midshaft exhibits the anteroposterior reinforcement characteristic of early modern humans, Consequently, Saint-Cesaire 1 appears as a morphological Neandertal with hyperarctic body proportions who nonetheless had shifted locomotor patterns to more closely resemble those of other Upper Paleolithic humans.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 27/11/20 alle ore 10:22:48