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Titolo:
NEOLOGISTIC JARGON SPARING NUMBERS - A CATEGORY-SPECIFIC PHONOLOGICALIMPAIRMENT
Autore:
COHEN L; VERSTICHEL P; DEHAENE S;
Indirizzi:
HOP LA PITIE SALPETRIERE,SERV NEUROL 1,PAVILLON PAUL CASTAIGNE,57 BD HOP F-75651 PARIS 13 FRANCE HOP BEAUJON CLICHY FRANCE INSERM U334 ORSAY FRANCE
Titolo Testata:
Cognitive neuropsychology
fascicolo: 7, volume: 14, anno: 1997,
pagine: 1029 - 1061
SICI:
0264-3294(1997)14:7<1029:NJSN-A>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
LEXICAL RETRIEVAL; SPEECH PRODUCTION; APHASIA; LANGUAGE; ACCESS; WORDS; NEUROPSYCHOLOGY; COMPREHENSION; HEMISPHERE; ACALCULIA;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
51
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
L. Cohen et al., "NEOLOGISTIC JARGON SPARING NUMBERS - A CATEGORY-SPECIFIC PHONOLOGICALIMPAIRMENT", Cognitive neuropsychology, 14(7), 1997, pp. 1029-1061

Abstract

We report the case of a patient suffering from a severe neologistic jargon sparing number words. Neologisms resulted from pervasive phonemesubstitutions with frequent preservation of the overall syllabic structure (e.g. /revolver/ --> /reveltil/). Word and nonword reading, as well as picture naming, were equally affected. No significant influenceof frequency, imageability, and grammatical class was found. In striking contrast with this severe speech impairment, the patient made virtually no phonological errors when reading aloud arabic or spelled-out numerals, but made frequent word selection errors (e.g. 250 --> ''fourhundred and sixty''). This observation indicates that during speech planning, different categories of words are processed by separable brain systems down to the level of phoneme selection, a more peripheral level than was previously assumed. Number words may be singled out during phonological processing either because they constitute a particular semantic category, or because they benefit from special brain mechanisms devoted to the production of ''automatic speech'', or because they are the elementary buildings blocks of speech during the production ofcomplex numerals.

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Documento generato il 07/04/20 alle ore 21:18:20