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Titolo:
IMPLICIT LEARNING OF COMPLEX STRUCTURES - ACTIVE ADAPTATION AND SELECTIVE PROCESSING IN ACQUISITION AND APPLICATION
Autore:
WRIGHT RL; WHITTLESEA BWA;
Indirizzi:
SIMON FRASER UNIV,DEPT PSYCHOL BURNABY BC V5A 1S6 CANADA SIMON FRASER UNIV,DEPT PSYCHOL BURNABY BC V5A 1S6 CANADA
Titolo Testata:
Memory & cognition
fascicolo: 2, volume: 26, anno: 1998,
pagine: 402 - 420
SICI:
0090-502X(1998)26:2<402:ILOCS->2.0.ZU;2-E
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ARTIFICIAL GRAMMAR; INTERACTIVE TASKS; KNOWLEDGE; ABSTRACTION; MEMORY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
43
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
R.L. Wright e B.W.A. Whittlesea, "IMPLICIT LEARNING OF COMPLEX STRUCTURES - ACTIVE ADAPTATION AND SELECTIVE PROCESSING IN ACQUISITION AND APPLICATION", Memory & cognition, 26(2), 1998, pp. 402-420

Abstract

Subjects exposed to members of a structured domain become sensitive to the general structure of that domain, even when they are unaware that the domain has such structure (e.g., Reber, 1993). Numerous investigators have attempted to characterize this learning as unselective in acquisition and automatic in application. However, we contend that thischaracterization miscasts the fundamental nature of learning. In a series of experiments, we demonstrate that what subjects learn implicitly about the structure of a domain critically depends on decisions theymake about how to organize the structural components. Similarly the application of knowledge gained implicitly is not stable, but may be selected or even created under the demands of the test task. We concludethat implicit learning, just like explicit learning, proceeds throughactive organization of the stimulus complex, rather than by passivelyabsorbing any level of structure. We propose a synthesis, in which learning, with and without awareness, is understood through a common setof principles.

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Documento generato il 22/09/20 alle ore 14:28:16