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Titolo:
BRAIN PLASTICITY AND BEHAVIOR
Autore:
KOLB B; WHISHAW IQ;
Indirizzi:
UNIV LETHBRIDGE,DEPT PSYCHOL LETHBRIDGE AB T1K 3M4 CANADA
Titolo Testata:
Annual review of psychology
, volume: 49, anno: 1998,
pagine: 43 - 64
SICI:
0066-4308(1998)49:<43:>2.0.ZU;2-U
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
RAT VISUAL-CORTEX; DIFFERENTIAL EXPERIENCE; CEREBRAL-CORTEX; GRANULE CELLS; FEMALE RATS; SELECTIVE DEGENERATION; COMPLEX ENVIRONMENTS; DENDRITIC MORPHOLOGY; REARING COMPLEXITY; PYRAMIDAL NEURONS;
Keywords:
DENDRITE ARBORIZATION; ENVIRONMENTAL ENRICHMENT; CORTEX; NEUROPSYCHOLOGY; EXPERIENCE;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
102
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
B. Kolb e I.Q. Whishaw, "BRAIN PLASTICITY AND BEHAVIOR", Annual review of psychology, 49, 1998, pp. 43-64

Abstract

Brain plasticity refers to the brain's ability to change structure and function. Experience is a major stimulant of brain plasticity in animal species as diverse as insects and humans. It is now clear that experience produces multiple, dissociable changes in the brain including increases in dendritic length, increases (or decreases) in spine density, synapse formation, increased glial activity, and altered metabolicactivity. These anatomical changes are correlated with behavioral differences between subjects with and without the changes. Experience-dependent changes in neurons are affected by various factors including aging, gonadal hormones, trophic factors, stress and brain pathology. Wediscuss the important role that changes in dendritic arborization play in brain plasticity and behavior, and we consider these changes in the context of changing intrinsic circuitry of the cortex in processes such as learning.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 07/07/20 alle ore 22:33:09