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Titolo:
POTENTIAL IMPACT OF CLIMATE-CHANGE ON PLANT-DISEASES OF ECONOMIC-SIGNIFICANCE TO AUSTRALIA
Autore:
CHAKRABORTY S; MURRAY GM; MAGAREY PA; YONOW T; OBRIEN RG; CROFT BJ; BARBETTI MJ; SIVASITHAMPARAM K; OLD KM; DUDZINSKI MJ; SUTHERST RW; PENROSE LJ; ARCHER C; EMMETT RW;
Indirizzi:
UNIV QUEENSLAND,CSIRO,CRC TROP PLANT PATHOL BRISBANE QLD 4072 AUSTRALIA NSW AGR WAGGA WAGGA NSW 2650 AUSTRALIA S AUSTRALIAN RES & DEV INST LOXTON SA 5333 AUSTRALIA UNIV QUEENSLAND,CRC TROP PEST MANAGEMENT BRISBANE QLD 4072 AUSTRALIA QUEENSLAND DEPT PRIMARY IND INDOOROOPILLY QLD 4068 AUSTRALIA BUR SUGAR EXPT STN TULLY QLD 4854 AUSTRALIA WESTERN AUSTRALIA DEPT AGR S PERTH WA 6151 AUSTRALIA CSIRO CANBERRA ACT 2600 AUSTRALIA NSW AGR ORANGE NSW 2800 AUSTRALIA TASMANIAN DEPT PRIMARY IND & FISHERIES NEWTOWN TAS 7008 AUSTRALIA AGR VICTORIA,SUNRAYSIA HORT CTR MILDURA VIC 3502 AUSTRALIA UNIV WESTERN AUSTRALIA NEDLANDS WA 6009 AUSTRALIA
Titolo Testata:
Australasian plant pathology
fascicolo: 1, volume: 27, anno: 1998,
pagine: 15 - 35
SICI:
0815-3191(1998)27:1<15:PIOCOP>2.0.ZU;2-6
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
UV-B RADIATION; CARBON-DIOXIDE; SEPTORIA-TRITICI; PHYTOPHTHORA-CINNAMOMI; AIR-POLLUTANTS; WHEAT; GROWTH; TEMPERATURE; INFECTION; OZONE;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
107
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
S. Chakraborty et al., "POTENTIAL IMPACT OF CLIMATE-CHANGE ON PLANT-DISEASES OF ECONOMIC-SIGNIFICANCE TO AUSTRALIA", Australasian plant pathology, 27(1), 1998, pp. 15-35

Abstract

Burning of fossil fuel, large scale clearing of forests and other human activities have changed global climate. Atmospheric concentration of radiatively active CO2, methane, nitrous oxide and chlorofluorocarbons has increased to cause global warming. In Australia temperature is projected to rise between 1 and 3 degrees C by 2100. This review is the result of a recent workshop on the potential impact of climate change on plant diseases of economic significance to Australia. It gives anoverview of projected changes in Australian climate and the current state of knowledge on the effect of climate change on plant diseases. Based on an assessment of important diseases of wheat and other cereals, sugarcane, deciduous fruits, grapevine, vegetables and forestry species, climate change in Australia may reduce, increase or have no effect on some diseases. Impacts will be felt in altered geographical distribution and crop loss due to changes in the physiology of host-pathogen interaction. Changes will occur in the type, amount and relative importance of pathogens and diseases. Host resistance may be overcome more rapidly due to accelerated pathogen evolution from increased fecundity at high CO2 and/or enhanced UV-B radiation. However, uncertainties about climate change predictions and the paucity of knowledge limit our ability to predict potential impacts on plant diseases. Both experimental and modelling approaches are available for impact assessment research. As the development and implementation of mitigation strategies take a long time, more research is urgently needed and we hope this review will stimulate interest.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/09/20 alle ore 16:38:10