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Titolo:
PREVALENCE OF ATOPY IN STUDENTS FROM MALAGA, SPAIN
Autore:
GARCIAGONZALEZ JJ; VEGACHICOTE JM; RICO P; DELPRADO JM; CARMONA MJ; CERVERA JA; ACEBES JM;
Indirizzi:
HOSP REG UNIV,COMPLEJO HOSP CARLOS HAYA,SECC ALERGOL,PABELLON C,PLAZAHOSP CIVIL,S-N MALAGA 29009 SPAIN ALERGIA & INMUNOL ABELLO SA ALK ABELLO GRP MADRID SPAIN
Titolo Testata:
Annals of allergy, asthma, & immunology
fascicolo: 3, volume: 80, anno: 1998,
pagine: 237 - 244
SICI:
1081-1206(1998)80:3<237:POAISF>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SKIN-TEST REACTIVITY; NUTRITION EXAMINATION SURVEY; 2ND NATIONAL-HEALTH; SERUM IGE LEVELS; RESPIRATORY SYMPTOMS; BRONCHIAL HYPERRESPONSIVENESS; UNITED-STATES; RISK-FACTORS; COMMON AEROALLERGENS; FINNISH ADOLESCENTS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
64
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
J.J. Garciagonzalez et al., "PREVALENCE OF ATOPY IN STUDENTS FROM MALAGA, SPAIN", Annals of allergy, asthma, & immunology, 80(3), 1998, pp. 237-244

Abstract

Background: Epidemiologic studies are necessary to determine the prevalence of allergic diseases. This varies widely depending on allergen preparations and patients studied. Objective: To investigate the prevalence of atopic disease, skin test reactivity, total and specific IgE to common allergens, and other variables in a sample of students from Malaga, southern Spain. Methods: Three hundred sixty-five students (age 17.9 +/- 1.18) were interviewed by an allergist. Skin prick tests were performed with Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Artemisia vulgaris, Plantago lanceolata, Chenopodium album, Olea europaea, Phleum pratense, Parietaria judaica, Cynodon dactylon Alternaria tenuis, and cat dander. Total and specific IgE to D. pteronyssinus, Olea, and Parietaria were determined. Results: Of all subjects studied, 19.9% suffered from rhinoconjunctivitis, 4.1% rhinoconjunctivitis plus asthma, 3.1% asthmaalone, and 0.8% atopic dermatitis; 46.4% had a positive skin test to at least one allergen (28.2% to D. pteronyssinus, 20.4% to Olea, 13.8%to Phleum); and 43% had total IgE > 100kU/L and 44.7% a family history of atopy. Allergic symptoms were strongly associated with skin test positivities and family allergic history. Patients with asthma or skinprick test positive had higher total IgE values than others (P <.01). There was a significant correlation between specific IgE values and wheal size in skin test. Conclusions: Our findings confirm the high prevalence of atopic diseases, and the close relationship of skin tests reactivity (or presence of specific IgE) to allergens with symptoms of asthma and rhinitis. The presence of a family history of allergic diseases influences the development of positive skin tests and atopic illness. Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and pollen of Olea europaea were found to be the most common allergens.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/11/20 alle ore 10:06:36