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Titolo:
SCH-58261 - A SELECTIVE A(2A) ADENOSINE RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST
Autore:
ONGINI E;
Indirizzi:
SCHERING PLOUGH CORP,RES INST,SAN RAFFAELE SCI PK,VIA OLGETTINA 58 I-20132 MILAN MI ITALY
Titolo Testata:
Drug development research
fascicolo: 2, volume: 42, anno: 1997,
pagine: 63 - 70
SICI:
0272-4391(1997)42:2<63:S-ASAA>2.0.ZU;2-U
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BIOCHEMICAL-CHARACTERIZATION; H-3 CGS-21680; BINDING; POTENT; MEMBRANES; SCH-58261; TRIAZOLOQUINAZOLINE; PHARMACOLOGY; DERIVATIVES; PYRIMIDINE;
Keywords:
SCH 58261; A(2A) ADENOSINE RECEPTORS; A(2A) ADENOSINE RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS; PARKINSONS DISEASE; STROKE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
46
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
E. Ongini, "SCH-58261 - A SELECTIVE A(2A) ADENOSINE RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST", Drug development research, 42(2), 1997, pp. 63-70

Abstract

The recent discovery of selective antagonists for the A(2A) adenosinereceptors has been of great help to further research in this field. One compound, SCH 58261, l)pyrazolo[4,3-e]-1,2,4-triazolo[1,5-c]pyrimidine, is playing a key part in a variety of studies. This review describes its pharmacological characteristics as they are emerging in various laboratories. The compound has an affinity in the low nM range (Ki value of 1-2 nM) for A(2A) receptors located on membranes from a variety of tissues and cell types, including rat and bovine brain striatum, human platelets, lymphocytes and neutrophils, porcine coronary arteries, and CHO cells transfected with the cloned human A(2A) receptors. SCH 58261 has little or no affinity up to the mu M range for adenosine A(2B), A(3), or other G protein-coupled receptors. Selectivity for A(2A) vs. A(1) receptors varies from 53- to 750-fold, depending on membranes or type of assay. SCH 58261 blocks A(2A)-receptor mediated increaseof cyclic AMP formation with high potency (e.g., IC50 values between 15 and 20 nM in human white blood cells). The tritiated form of SCH 58261 specifically labels A(2A) receptors in discrete regions of the ratbrain such as caudate-putamen, nucleus accumbens, and tuberculum olfactorium. In classic in vitro bioassays, such as A(2A)-receptor-mediated vasodilation in coronary arteries, SCH 58261 displays competitive antagonistic properties (e.g., pA(2) value of 9.5 in porcine coronary arteries). In assays involving responses mediated by A(1) or A(2B) receptors, SCH 58261 shows little or no activity up to concentrations about100-fold higher than those affecting A(2A) receptors (higher concentrations not being testable due to its poor water solubility). In the rat, SCH 58261 enhances locomotor activity (at 3.7 mg/kg ip), increases wakefulness (10 mg/kg ip) and slightly increases both blood pressure and heart rate (10 mg/kg ip). These activities appear to be specifically mediated by A(2A) receptors since the drug counteracts the effect ofA(2A) receptor agonists in some experimental paradigms. In models mimicking CNS disorders, SCH 58261 potentiates the activity of LDOPA or dopamine receptor agonists in the 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rat model. Moreover, the compound reduces brain infarct size in a rat model of cerebral ischemia. Altogether, SCH 58261 and its radiolabeled form haveemerged as interesting tools for better understanding the function ofA(2A) receptors in physiological or altered conditions. Moreover, theneuroprotective properties of SCH 58261 indicate that drugs of this class have a potential for treatment of brain damage produced by Parkinson's disease or stroke. (C) 1997 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 27/11/20 alle ore 00:17:03