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Titolo:
PEAK EXERCISE OXYGEN-CONSUMPTION IN CHRONIC HEART-FAILURE - TOWARD EFFICIENT USE IN THE INDIVIDUAL PATIENT
Autore:
OPASICH C; PINNA GD; BOBBIO M; SISTI M; DEMICHELIS B; FEBO O; FORNI G; RICCARDI R; RICCARDI PG; CAPOMOLLA S; COBELLI F; TAVAZZI L;
Indirizzi:
CTR MED MONTESCANO,INST CARE & SCI RES,SALVATORE MAUGERI FDN,VIA MONTESCANO I-27040 PAVIA ITALY UNIV MOLINETTE HOSP,DEPT CARDIOL TURIN ITALY UNIV MOLINETTE HOSP,DEPT BIOMED ENGN,HEART FAILURE UNIT TURIN ITALY
Titolo Testata:
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
fascicolo: 4, volume: 31, anno: 1998,
pagine: 766 - 775
SICI:
0735-1097(1998)31:4<766:PEOICH>2.0.ZU;2-8
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
IDIOPATHIC DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY; MAXIMAL EXERCISE; CARDIAC TRANSPLANTATION; ANAEROBIC THRESHOLD; PROGNOSTIC VALUE; SELECTION; CANDIDATES; SECONDARY; SURVIVAL; WOMEN;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
36
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
C. Opasich et al., "PEAK EXERCISE OXYGEN-CONSUMPTION IN CHRONIC HEART-FAILURE - TOWARD EFFICIENT USE IN THE INDIVIDUAL PATIENT", Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 31(4), 1998, pp. 766-775

Abstract

Objectives. This study sought to 1) assess the short-, medium- and long-term prognostic power of peak oxygen consumption ((V) over dot o(2))) in patients with heart failure; 2) verify the consistency of a nonmeasurable anaerobic threshold (AT) as a criterion of nonapplicability of peak (V) over dot o(2); 3) develop simple rules for the efficient use of peak (V) over dot o(2) in individualized prognostic stratification and clinical decision making. Background. Peak (V) over dot o(2), when AT is identified, is among the indicators for heart transplant eligibility. However, in clinical practice the application of defined peak (V) over dot o(2) cutoff values to all patients could be inappropriate and misleading. Methods. Six hundred fifty-three patients consecutively considered for eligibility for heart transplantation were followed up. Outcomes (cardiac death and urgent transplantation) were determined when all survivors had a minimum of 6 months of follow-up. Results. Contraindication to the exercise test identified very high risk patients. The relatively small sample of women did not allow inferences tobe drawn. In men, peak (V) over dot o(2) stratified into three levels(less than or equal to 10, 10 to 18 and >18 ml/kg per min) identifiedgroups at high, medium and low risk, respectively. The prognostic power of peak (V) over dot o(2) less than or equal to 10 ml/kg per min was maintained even when the AT was not detected. In patients in New York Heart Association functional class III or IV: peak (V) over dot o(2)did not have prognostic power. In patients in functional class I or II, peak (V) over dot o(2) stratification was prognostically valuable, but less so at 6 than at 12 or 24 months. Age did not influence peak (V) over dot o(2) prognostic stratification. Conclusions. A contraindication to exercise testing should be considered a priority for listing patients for heart transplantation. Only in less symptomatic male patients does a peak (V) over dot o(2) less than or equal to 10 ml/kg per min identify short-, medium-and long-term high risk groups. A peak (V)over dot o(2) >18 ml/kg per min implies good prognosis with medical therapy. (C) 1998 by the American College of Cardiology.

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Documento generato il 12/07/20 alle ore 11:43:24