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Titolo:
SMALL-ANGLE X-RAY-SCATTERING USING COHERENT UNDULATOR RADIATION AT THE ESRF
Autore:
ABERNATHY DL; GRUBEL G; BRAUER S; MCNULTY I; STEPHENSON GA; MOCHRIE SGJ; SANDY AR; MULDERS N; SUTTON M;
Indirizzi:
EUROPEAN SYNCHROTRON RADIAT FACIL,BP 220 F-38043 GRENOBLE FRANCE MIT CAMBRIDGE MA 02139 ARGONNE NATL LAB ARGONNE IL 60439 UNIV DELAWARE NEWARK DE 19716 MCGILL UNIV MONTREAL PQ H3A 2T8 CANADA
Titolo Testata:
Journal of synchrotron radiation
, volume: 5, anno: 1998,
parte:, 1
pagine: 37 - 47
SICI:
0909-0495(1998)5:<37:SXUCUR>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
GRAZING-INCIDENCE; SPECKLE; SPECTROSCOPY; DIFFRACTION; RESOLUTION;
Keywords:
COHERENT X-RAYS; SPECKLE; INTENSITY FLUCTUATION SPECTROSCOPY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
28
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
D.L. Abernathy et al., "SMALL-ANGLE X-RAY-SCATTERING USING COHERENT UNDULATOR RADIATION AT THE ESRF", Journal of synchrotron radiation, 5, 1998, pp. 37-47

Abstract

A simple approach for producing a high-coherent-flux X-ray beam for small-angle-scattering studies used at the Troika beamline of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility is reported. For such small-angle studies it is permissible to reduce the longitudinal coherence length of the beam, thus increasing the energy bandpass and intensity of the beam, because there is only a small optical pathlength difference. By using mirrors and filters to cut unwanted energies from the undulator harmonic structure, a high-flux beam of >10(9) photons s(-1) through a 5 mu m-diameter pinhole at 8.2 keV with a bandpass of 1.3% can be produced. The coherent properties of this beam have been measured by analyzing a static speckle pattern from an aerogel sample imaged by a directly illuminated CCD camera. The speckle size and contrast are comparedwith the expected values based on a statistical analysis of the intensity distribution of speckle patterns obtained using partially coherent conditions. The expected widths of the spatial autocorrelation are found, but there is an apparent incoherent fraction of the beam which reduces the measured contrast. The method presented is to be used as a tool to optimize conditions for diffraction experiments using coherentX-rays.

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Documento generato il 19/09/20 alle ore 21:14:12