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Titolo:
RISK-FACTORS FOR DSM-III-R POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER - FINDINGS FROM THE NATIONAL COMORBIDITY SURVEY
Autore:
BROMET E; SONNEGA A; KESSLER RC;
Indirizzi:
SUNY STONY BROOK,DEPT PSYCHIAT,PUTNAM HALL,S CAMPUS STONY BROOK NY 11794 SUNY STONY BROOK,DEPT PSYCHIAT & BEHAV SCI,SCH MED STONY BROOK NY 11794 UNIV MICHIGAN,INST SOCIAL RES ANN ARBOR MI 48109 HARVARD UNIV,SCH MED,DEPT HLTH CARE POLICY CAMBRIDGE MA 02138
Titolo Testata:
American journal of epidemiology
fascicolo: 4, volume: 147, anno: 1998,
pagine: 353 - 361
SICI:
0002-9262(1998)147:4<353:RFDP-F>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
FAMILY HISTORY METHOD; TRAUMATIC EVENTS; POPULATION; PREVALENCE; COMMUNITY; CHILDREN; SAMPLE;
Keywords:
AFFECTIVE DISORDERS; AGGRESSION; ANXIETY DISORDERS; MENTAL DISORDERS; STRESS DISORDERS, POSTTRAUMATIC; SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER; TRAUMA;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
33
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
E. Bromet et al., "RISK-FACTORS FOR DSM-III-R POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER - FINDINGS FROM THE NATIONAL COMORBIDITY SURVEY", American journal of epidemiology, 147(4), 1998, pp. 353-361

Abstract

The present study examined the association of childhood risk factors with exposure to traumas and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), PTSD is a unique symptom configuration after exposure to an unusual, extreme event. Data come from the US National Comorbidity Study of 5,877 respondents aged 15-54 years conducted between September 1990 and February 1992, The risk factors examined were preexposure affective, anxiety, and substance use disorders; parental mental and substance use disorders; parental aggression toward the respondent and toward the other parent; and a nonconfiding relationship with the mother during childhood. Analyses were stratified by gender and adjusted for demographic variables and traumatic experiences prior to the index trauma, The occurrence of trauma was associated with many risk factors in women but fewin men, Similarly, more risk factors predicted PTSD in women than in men, Overall, when respondents were grouped into broad trauma categories, an increase in the number of risk factors was associated with higher rates of PTSD, However, in analyses of the trauma subsample that adjusted for individual type of trauma (e.g., rape, physical attack), only one risk factor (history of affective disorder) predicted PTSD in women, and two (history of anxiety disorder and parental mental disorder) predicted PTSD in men, The results thus indicate that although these risk factors have an important association with PTSD, they operate largely by predicting trauma exposure rather than by predicting the onset of disorder after exposure.

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Documento generato il 19/01/20 alle ore 06:13:36