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Titolo:
THE WHIPLASH SYNDROME - A PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL AND NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL STUDY TOWARDS ATTENTION
Autore:
KESSELS RPC; KEYSER A; VERHAGEN WIM; VANLUIJTELAAR ELJM;
Indirizzi:
UNIV UTRECHT,DEPT PSYCHON,POB 8014 NL-3508 TC UTRECHT NETHERLANDS UNIV NIJMEGEN,DEPT NEUROPSYCHOL & REHABIL,NICI NIJMEGEN NETHERLANDS UNIV NIJMEGEN HOSP,DEPT NEUROL NL-6500 HB NIJMEGEN NETHERLANDS CANISIUS WILHELMINA HOSP,DEPT NEUROL NIJMEGEN NETHERLANDS UNIV NIJMEGEN,DEPT PSYCHOL,NICI NL-6500 HE NIJMEGEN NETHERLANDS
Titolo Testata:
Acta neurologica Scandinavica
fascicolo: 3, volume: 97, anno: 1998,
pagine: 188 - 193
SICI:
0001-6314(1998)97:3<188:TWS-AP>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
STARTLE RESPONSE; PREPULSE INHIBITION; SENSORIMOTOR; HABITUATION; DEFICITS; REFLEX;
Keywords:
WHIPLASH SYNDROME; ATTENTION; ACOUSTIC STARTLE REFLEX; PASAT; PREPULSE INHIBITION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
24
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
R.P.C. Kessels et al., "THE WHIPLASH SYNDROME - A PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL AND NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL STUDY TOWARDS ATTENTION", Acta neurologica Scandinavica, 97(3), 1998, pp. 188-193

Abstract

Whiplash patients often have physical, psychosomatic and cognitive complaints, although clear neurological and neuropsychological signs of damage are absent. However, in some studies a functional loss of attention was found. In order to compare attentional dysfunctions in whiplash patients with age-matched controls, attention was measured neuropsychologically with the aid of the PASAT, and psychophysiologically withthe aid of the prepulse inhibition paradigm. In addition, the reactivity for intense acoustic stimulation was investigated. The POMS and the SCL-90 were used to evaluate psychological and somatic signs. The results showed that whiplash patients (n=24) had lower scores on the PASAT and higher scores on the questionnaires compared to healthy controls (n=21), However, no group differences could be determined on the psychophysiological variables. Furthermore, the PASAT and prepulse inhibition data, did not correlate. The lower PASAT scores indicate that whiplash patients seem to have deteriorated divided attention, but an attention deficit as measured with the prepulse inhibition paradigm is not disclosed, Finally, there were no signs of a heightened reactivity of the auditory system, which casts doubts on a presumed heightened sensitivity for sound in whiplash patients.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 24/01/20 alle ore 12:47:52