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Titolo:
TESTING THE RESPONSES OF A DYNAMIC GLOBAL VEGETATION MODEL TO ENVIRONMENTAL-CHANGE - A COMPARISON OF OBSERVATIONS AND PREDICTIONS
Autore:
BEERLING DJ; WOODWARD FI; LOMAS M; JENKINS AJ;
Indirizzi:
UNIV SHEFFIELD,DEPT ANIM & PLANT SCI SHEFFIELD S10 2TN S YORKSHIRE ENGLAND INST HYDROL WALLINGFORD OX10 8BB OXON ENGLAND
Titolo Testata:
Global ecology and biogeography letters
fascicolo: 6, volume: 6, anno: 1997,
pagine: 439 - 450
SICI:
0960-7447(1997)6:6<439:TTROAD>2.0.ZU;2-M
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
GAS-EXCHANGE RESPONSES; ATMOSPHERIC CO2; BOREAL VEGETATION; WHOLE-CATCHMENT; CARBON BALANCE; CLIMATE-CHANGE; ELEVATED CO2; FOREST; SCALE; TEMPERATURE;
Keywords:
BOREAL VEGETATION; GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE; HYDROLOGY; PHOTOSYNTHESIS; VEGETATION MODELS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Citazioni:
43
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
D.J. Beerling et al., "TESTING THE RESPONSES OF A DYNAMIC GLOBAL VEGETATION MODEL TO ENVIRONMENTAL-CHANGE - A COMPARISON OF OBSERVATIONS AND PREDICTIONS", Global ecology and biogeography letters, 6(6), 1997, pp. 439-450

Abstract

Dynamic global vegetation - biogeochemistry models are required to predict the likely responses of the terrestrial biosphere to anticipatedfuture global environmental change and for improved representation ofan active vegetation surface within general circulation models of theEarth's global climate system. Testing the predictions of such modelsis essential to their development prior to use in a predictive capacity. The climate change experiment (CLIMEX) has exposed an entire catchment of boreal vegetation to elevated CO2 (560 ppmv) and temperature (3 degrees C in summer, +5 degrees C in winter) for the past three years and has a considerable archive of pre-and posttreatment measurements of both CO2 and water vapour fluxes of the vegetation, catchment runoff and soil nutrient status. These data have been used to test the predictions of the University of Sheffield dynamic global vegetation model (SDGVM) for the same site using historical records of climate as input. Comparisons of observations and predictions at the scale of individual leaves and whole ecosystems are generally favourable, increasingour confidence in the application of the model to forecasting the responses of the terrestrial biosphere to various global change scenarios. The SDGVM has been used to predict the future responses of the ecosystem at the site into the year 2003AD. The results indicate rather small changes in leaf area index and catchment runoff but quite large increases in net primary productivity. The model predictions are now opento testing further as the CO2 and temperature treatments continue in the CLIMEX greenhouse.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 30/11/20 alle ore 16:10:20