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Titolo:
WITHDRAWAL AND WITHHOLDING OF LIFE-SUPPORT IN THE INTENSIVE-CARE UNIT- A COMPARISON OF TEACHING AND COMMUNITY HOSPITALS
Autore:
KEENAN SP; BUSCHE KD; CHEN LM; ESMAIL R; INMAN KJ; SIBBALD WJ;
Indirizzi:
LONDON HLTH SCI CTR,DEPT MED,DIV CRIT CARE MED,VICTORIA CAMPUS,375 SOUTH ST LONDON ON N6A 4G5 CANADA VICTORIA HOSP,RICHARD IVEY CRIT CARE TRAUMA CTR LONDON ENGLAND
Titolo Testata:
Critical care medicine
fascicolo: 2, volume: 26, anno: 1998,
pagine: 245 - 251
SICI:
0090-3493(1998)26:2<245:WAWOLI>2.0.ZU;2-B
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CRITICALLY ILL PATIENTS; SUSTAINING TREATMENT; PRACTICE GUIDELINES; PHYSICIANS; CONSENSUS; DECISIONS; STATES;
Keywords:
LIFE-SUPPORT CARE; CRITICAL ILLNESS; TERMINAL ILLNESS; WITHHOLDING CARE; WITHDRAWING CARE; TERMINAL CARE; CRITICAL CARE; INTENSIVE CARE; ADULT; EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
28
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
S.P. Keenan et al., "WITHDRAWAL AND WITHHOLDING OF LIFE-SUPPORT IN THE INTENSIVE-CARE UNIT- A COMPARISON OF TEACHING AND COMMUNITY HOSPITALS", Critical care medicine, 26(2), 1998, pp. 245-251

Abstract

Objectives: To compare the incidence of withdrawal or withholding of life support (WD/WHLS), and to identify similarities and differences in the process of the withdrawal of life support (WDLS) between teaching and community hospitals' intensive care units (ICUs). Design: Prospective cohort study, with some data obtained by retrospective chart review. Setting: The ICUs of three teaching hospitals and Six community hospitals. Patients: All patients who died in these nine ICUs over a 6-mo period. Interventions: None. Measurements and Main Results: Data onadmitting diagnosis, cause of death, mode of death (death despite active treatment, withdrawal or withholding of life support), those initiating and involved in WDLS, and modalities of life support withdrawn were gathered for patients dying in the ICU over a 6-mo period. One hundred sixty patients in community hospitals and 292 in teaching hospitals died in their respective ICUs over the 6-mo period. We found a difference in the distribution of mode of death between community hospitals and teaching hospitals, resulting from a greater proportion of patients dying as a result of withholding life support in community hospitals (11.9% vs. 3.8% withheld, respectively, p = .004). Among the six community hospitals and three teaching hospitals, we found a difference in the proportion of patients dying despite active treatment compared with those dying as a result of WD/WHLS (p = .042 and p = .044, respectively). Initiation of WDLS by physicians was more frequent at teaching hospitals (81% vs. 61%, p = .0005), while families more commonly initiated WDLS at community hospitals (34% vs. 19%, p = .005). A greater proportion of patients in teaching hospitals were receiving mechanicalventilation (99% vs. 89%) and vasopressors (76% vs. 65%) before WDLS. Similar proportions had mechanical ventilation withdrawn (68% and 74%, community hospitals and teaching hospitals, respectively), while there was a trend for fewer patients in community hospitals to have vasopressors withdrawn (56% vs. 70%, p = .082). The time to death after WDLS had begun was longer in community hospitals compared with teaching hospitals (0.74 +/- 1.38 days vs. 0.27 +/- 0.79 [so] days, p = .0028). Conclusions: The incidence of WD/WHLS was similar in community hospitals and teaching hospitals; however, withholding of life support was more common in community hospitals. The process of WDLS appears to differ between community hospitals and teaching hospitals.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 22/09/20 alle ore 17:19:42