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Titolo:
EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM AEROBIC OR WEIGHT TRAINING REGIMENS ON GAIT IN AN OLDER, OSTEOARTHRITIC POPULATION
Autore:
MESSIER SP; THOMPSON CD; ETTINGER WH;
Indirizzi:
WAKE FOREST UNIV,DEPT HLTH & EXERCISE SCI,JB SNOW BIOMECH LAB WINSTONSALEM NC 27109 WAKE FOREST UNIV,BOWMAN GRAY SCH MED,DEPT PUBL HLTH SCI WINSTON SALEMNC 27157 WAKE FOREST UNIV,BOWMAN GRAY SCH MED,DEPT INTERNAL MED GERONTOL WINSTON SALEM NC 27157
Titolo Testata:
Journal of applied biomechanics
fascicolo: 2, volume: 13, anno: 1997,
pagine: 205 - 225
SICI:
1065-8483(1997)13:2<205:EOLAOW>2.0.ZU;2-S
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
RHEUMATOID-ARTHRITIS; KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS; OSTEO-ARTHRITIS; EXERCISE; WALKING; PROGRAM; PAIN;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
37
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
S.P. Messier et al., "EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM AEROBIC OR WEIGHT TRAINING REGIMENS ON GAIT IN AN OLDER, OSTEOARTHRITIC POPULATION", Journal of applied biomechanics, 13(2), 1997, pp. 205-225

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the long-term effects of aerobic walking and weight training interventions on gait mechanics andknee pain in older adults with knee osteoarthritis (OA). One hundred three older adults (age greater than or equal to 60 years) with radiographic evidence of knee OA were randomized to one of three treatment groups: aerobic walking, health education control, or weight training. Both exercise intervention groups exercised 3 days.week(-1) for 18 months. The aerobic group significantly improved temporal components of gait as well as knee and ankle joint kinematics relative to the health education group across the 18-month intervention. Moreover, the weighttraining group exhibited significantly greater ankle plantar flexion velocity. Analysis of the ground reaction forces indicated that the aerobic group exhibited significantly greater force relative to the health education group. Finally, both exercise groups exhibited significantly less knee pain than the health education group. The results suggest that long-term aerobic walking and, to a lesser extent, weight training regimens improve walking mechanics in older adults with knee osteoarthritis. These improvements in gait are associated with a reduction in knee pain during activities of daily living.

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Documento generato il 27/11/20 alle ore 07:31:53