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Titolo:
EXPERIMENTS ON THE STRUCTURE OF BAROCLINIC WAVES AND ZONAL JETS IN ANINTERNALLY HEATED, ROTATING, CYLINDER OF FLUID
Autore:
BASTIN ME; READ PL;
Indirizzi:
UNIV EDINBURGH,WESTERN GEN HOSP,DEPT MED PHYS & MED ENGN,CREWE RD EDINBURGH EH4 2XU MIDLOTHIAN SCOTLAND UNIV OXFORD,DEPT ATMOSPHER PHYS OXFORD OX1 3PU ENGLAND
Titolo Testata:
Physics of fluids
fascicolo: 2, volume: 10, anno: 1998,
pagine: 374 - 389
SICI:
1070-6631(1998)10:2<374:EOTSOB>2.0.ZU;2-6
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
QUASI-GEOSTROPHIC TURBULENCE; TWO-DIMENSIONAL TURBULENCE; NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS; BETA-PLANE; JUPITER; SATURN; ATMOSPHERES; ANNULUS; INTERIORS; STABILITY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
49
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
M.E. Bastin e P.L. Read, "EXPERIMENTS ON THE STRUCTURE OF BAROCLINIC WAVES AND ZONAL JETS IN ANINTERNALLY HEATED, ROTATING, CYLINDER OF FLUID", Physics of fluids, 10(2), 1998, pp. 374-389

Abstract

In this paper we report a laboratory investigation of the motion within a rotating cylinder of fluid subject to internal healing acid to cooling at the outer cylindrical sidewall. The internal heating is supplied by ohmic dissipation as an electric current passes between the outer sidewall and an axial wire. The experiments focus on the formation of eddy features and the associated zonal jets. To identify how the flow regimes generated in this continuously forced system are modified by the presence of a radial depth gradient, experiments have been performed with both horizontal (f-plane) and oppositely sloping boundaries. Endwall configurations which cause the fluid depth (D) to increase with radius (partial derivative D/partial derivative r>0) and to decrease with radius (partial derivative D/partial derivative r<0) have been studied, as the former is applicable to the terrestrial atmosphere andoceans, while the latter may be relevant to deep atmospheres such as those of the giant planets and even planetary interiors. Stable, coherent, regular eddy features are observed over a wide range of rotation rates (Omega) in both horizontal and oppositely sloping endwall experiments. In the S-plane experiments regular modes with azimuthal wavenumbers m=1 and m=2 are observed. The regular wave regime of the dD/dr>0 endwall experiments consists of modes with azimuthal wavenumbers m=1 to 5. Only the mode m=1 is seen in the regular wave regime of the partial derivative D/partial derivative r<0 endwall experiments. The regular eddy structures produced in the partial derivative D/dr>0 (partial derivative D/partial derivative r<0) endwall experiments are seen to be''vertically trapped'' close to the bottom (top) boundary, whilst theamplitude of the f-plane modes is found not to vary substantially with depth. Further effects of the radial depth gradient are the observedreduction in the lateral scale of the eddy features in the partial derivative D/partial derivative r>0 endwall experiments, which leads to the formation of between two and three independent trains of eddies within the lateral domain at sufficiently high values of Omega. Within the non-axisymmetric flow regimes of all three endwall configurations the number of zonal jets observed in the lateral domain of the experiment is larger than expected from the form of the background thermal forcing. The radial scale of the multiple zonal jets seen in the oppositely sloping boundary experiments is, however, much larger than a barotropic Rhines scale L-beta, suggesting that L-beta cannot be used to predict the radial wavenumber of the zonal mean flow in this continuouslyforced system. (C) 1998 American Institute of Physics.

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Documento generato il 01/10/20 alle ore 04:35:44