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Titolo:
DRUG-ABUSE TREATMENT PROCESS COMPONENTS THAT IMPROVE RETENTION
Autore:
SIMPSON DD; JOE GW; ROWANSZAL GA; GREENER JM;
Indirizzi:
TEXAS CHRISTIAN UNIV,INST BEHAV RES,TCU BOX 298740 FT WORTH TX 76129
Titolo Testata:
Journal of substance abuse treatment
fascicolo: 6, volume: 14, anno: 1997,
pagine: 565 - 572
SICI:
0740-5472(1997)14:6<565:DTPCTI>2.0.ZU;2-P
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
VISUAL REPRESENTATION STRATEGY; THERAPEUTIC-COMMUNITY; MOTIVATION;
Keywords:
RETENTION; TREATMENT PROCESS; THERAPEUTIC ENGAGEMENT; METHADONE MAINTENANCE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Citazioni:
35
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
D.D. Simpson et al., "DRUG-ABUSE TREATMENT PROCESS COMPONENTS THAT IMPROVE RETENTION", Journal of substance abuse treatment, 14(6), 1997, pp. 565-572

Abstract

Background: Longer retention has been the most consistent predictor of favorable drug abuse treatment outcomes, but key therapeutic and patient engagement indicators of treatment process need to be more clearly established. Methods: An integrative model representing treatment dynamics was tested for explaining long-term program retention. It wits based on a multisite sample of 527 daily opioid users who remained in methadone, maintenance a minimum of 3 months. All had been assigned randomly to a counseling condition at admission (i.e., cognitively enhanced or standard), and information obtained from patient files, as wellas periodic assessments completed by patients and their counselors inthe first 90 days after admission were the sources of predictors. Results: Counseling enhancements (using node-link mapping, a visual representation tool for improving communication and problem solving) contributed to stronger therapeutic relationships between counselor and patient, which in turn had a positive reciprocal relationship with patientengagement (session attendance). Pretreatment motivation measured at intake was also related to higher engagement. More positive therapeutic relationships (in months I and 2) led to lower levels of during-treatment drug use (defined from urinalysis results in months 2 and 3), and better session attendance and therapeutic relationships both predicted longer retention. In addition, lower drug use during treatment was related to longer retention. Conclusions: Major conceptual domains of drug abuse treatment process were identified in community-based programs and their interrelationships with retention specified. As intermediate (during treatment) criteria, they can help guide functional improvements in program effectiveness as illustrated with our counseling enhancements. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Inc.

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Documento generato il 28/09/20 alle ore 19:26:15