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Titolo:
MEASUREMENT OF ALCOHOL-INVOLVED INJURY IN COMMUNITY PREVENTION - THE SEARCH FOR A SURROGATE III
Autore:
TRENO AJ; HOLDER HD;
Indirizzi:
PREVENT RES CTR,2150 SHATTUCK AVE,SUITE 900 BERKELEY CA 94704
Titolo Testata:
Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research
fascicolo: 9, volume: 21, anno: 1997,
pagine: 1695 - 1703
SICI:
0145-6008(1997)21:9<1695:MOAIIC>2.0.ZU;2-H
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
RISK FACTOR; EMERGENCY ROOM; GENERAL-POPULATION; TRAUMA PATIENTS; FATAL CRASHES; EXPERIENCES; VIOLENCE; DISEASE; PROJECT; SAMPLE;
Keywords:
INJURY; COMMUNITY PREVENTION; MEASUREMENT; EVALUATION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Citazioni:
42
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
A.J. Treno e H.D. Holder, "MEASUREMENT OF ALCOHOL-INVOLVED INJURY IN COMMUNITY PREVENTION - THE SEARCH FOR A SURROGATE III", Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research, 21(9), 1997, pp. 1695-1703

Abstract

Alcohol is involved in a substantial percentage of injuries, with estimates in the United States ranging from 3% of drownings up to 50% of fatal traffic crashes. Thus, alcohol-involved injury is a natural target for prevention efforts, particularly at the community level. Although a potentially valuable target, the measurement of alcohol-involved injuries for purposes of outcome evaluation of such prevention is problematic. The consistent measurement of alcohol in the blood of injuredpersons is not a regular aspect of acute medical treatment. Thus, alternatives are needed both for epidemiological, as well as prevention, research. This study will review three alternative measurements of alcohol-involved injury [i.e., (a) emergency room interviews and breath testing for blood alcohol concentration, (b) telephone surveys of self-reported injuries after drinking, and (c) injury surrogate derived archival data from hospital inpatient treatment]. After comparing the strengths and weaknesses of all three and investigating the sensitivity of the injury surrogate to detect changes in alcohol-involved injuries,this study concludes that the injury surrogate is a reliable, low-cost, and valid outcome measure for prevention evaluation.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 24/09/20 alle ore 21:17:23