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Titolo:
TRAUMAS AND OTHER ADVERSE LIFE EVENTS IN ADOLESCENTS WITH ALCOHOL-ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE
Autore:
CLARK DB; LESNICK L; HEGEDUS AM;
Indirizzi:
WESTERN PSYCHIAT INST & CLIN,3811 OHARA ST PITTSBURGH PA 15213 UNIV PITTSBURGH,SCH MED,PITTSBURGH ADOLESCENT ALCOHOL RES CTR PITTSBURGH PA 15260 UNIV MICHIGAN,ALCOHOL RES CTR ANN ARBOR MI 48109
Titolo Testata:
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
fascicolo: 12, volume: 36, anno: 1997,
pagine: 1744 - 1751
SICI:
0890-8567(1997)36:12<1744:TAOALE>2.0.ZU;2-R
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER; SEXUAL ABUSE; SUBSTANCE-ABUSE; PSYCHIATRIC-DIAGNOSIS; DRUG-USE; WOMEN; SAMPLE; RISK; VICTIMIZATION; DEPRESSION;
Keywords:
ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE; TRAUMA; LIFE EVENTS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
56
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
D.B. Clark et al., "TRAUMAS AND OTHER ADVERSE LIFE EVENTS IN ADOLESCENTS WITH ALCOHOL-ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE", Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36(12), 1997, pp. 1744-1751

Abstract

Objective: Clinical observation suggests that adolescents with alcohol use disorders often have complex histories that include childhood maltreatment and other traumas. The aim of this study was to determine the relationships among adolescent alcohol use disorders and a broad range of traumas and adverse life events. Method: The subjects were 132 adolescents with alcohol dependence, 51 adolescents with alcohol abuse, and 73 adolescents recruited from the community as a control group. Trauma history was assessed by a semistructured interview and other adverse life events by questionnaire. Results: Traumatic events reflecting interpersonal violence had occurred in many of the adolescents withalcohol dependence and abuse and few of the control adolescents, Adolescents with alcohol abuse or dependence, compared with control subjects, were 6 to 12 times more likely to have a physical abuse history and 18 to 21 times more likely to have a sexual abuse history, Sexual abuse was more common in females, and victimization by other violent acts was more common in males. Many other adverse life events were also significantly more common in the alcohol use disorder groups than in the control group, including having a close friend die, arguments withinthe family and legal difficulties. Conclusions: These results demonstrate that trauma and other adverse life events are strongly associatedwith alcohol use disorders in adolescents. Clinical screening of adolescents with alcohol use disorders for a range of traumatic events is recommended.

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Documento generato il 16/01/21 alle ore 06:57:46