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Titolo:
Fluctuations in heroin purity and the incidence of fatal heroin overdose
Autore:
Darke, S; Hall, W; Weatherburn, D; Lind, B;
Indirizzi:
Univ New S Wales, Natl Drug & Alcohol Res Ctr, Sydney, NSW 2052, AustraliaUniv New S Wales Sydney NSW Australia 2052 r, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia New S Wales Bureau Crime Stat & Res, Sydney, NSW, Australia New S Wales Bureau Crime Stat & Res Sydney NSW Australia NSW, Australia
Titolo Testata:
DRUG AND ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE
fascicolo: 2, volume: 54, anno: 1999,
pagine: 155 - 161
SICI:
0376-8716(19990401)54:2<155:FIHPAT>2.0.ZU;2-J
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
FOLLOW-UP; DEATHS; MORTALITY; ADDICTS; AUSTRALIA; MORPHINE; SURVIVAL; ETHANOL; SYDNEY; IMPACT;
Keywords:
fatal overdose; heroin purity; south western Sydney;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
24
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Darke, S Univ New S Wales, Natl Drug & Alcohol Res Ctr, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia Univ New S Wales Sydney NSW Australia 2052 , NSW 2052, Australia
Citazione:
S. Darke et al., "Fluctuations in heroin purity and the incidence of fatal heroin overdose", DRUG AL DEP, 54(2), 1999, pp. 155-161

Abstract

In order to determine the role played by heroin purity in fatal heroin overdoses, time series analyses were conducted on the purity of street heroin seizures in south western Sydney and overdose fatalities in that region. A total of 322 heroin samples were analysed in fortnightly periods between February 1993 to January 1995. A total of 61 overdose deaths occurred in the region in the study period. Cross correlation plots revealed a significant correlation of 0.57 at time lag zero between mean purity of heroin samples per fortnight and number of overdose fatalities. Similarly, there was a significant correlation of 0.50 at time lag zero between the highest heroin purity per fortnight and number of overdose fatalities. The correlation between range of heroin purity and number of deaths per fortnight was 0.40. A simultaneous multiple regression on scores adjusted for first order correlation indicated both the mean level of heroin purity and the range of heroin purity were independent predictors of the number of deaths per fortnight. The results indicate that the occurrence of overdose fatalities was moderately associated with both the average heroin purity and the range of heroin purity over the study period. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 04/12/20 alle ore 21:44:10