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Titolo:
The impact of a shipboard weight control program
Autore:
Dennis, KE; Pane, KW; Adams, BK; Qi, BB;
Indirizzi:
US Naval Reserve, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA US Naval Reserve Baltimore MD USA 21201 Reserve, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA VA Maryland Hlth Care Syst, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA VA Maryland Hlth Care Syst Baltimore MD USA 21201 Baltimore, MD 21201 USA Univ Maryland, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA Univ Maryland Baltimore MD USA 21201 iv Maryland, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA
Titolo Testata:
OBESITY RESEARCH
fascicolo: 1, volume: 7, anno: 1999,
pagine: 60 - 67
SICI:
1071-7323(199901)7:1<60:TIOASW>2.0.ZU;2-H
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
OBESITY TREATMENT PROGRAM; HEART-ASSOCIATION DIET; CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE; ADIPOSE-TISSUE; BODY-FAT; WOMEN; MEN; HYPERTENSION; LIPIDS;
Keywords:
obesity treatment; weight loss; exercise; military; ship;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
28
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Dennis, KE GRECC, VA Med Ctr, BT-18-GR,10 N Green St, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA GRECC BT-18-GR,10 N Green St Baltimore MD USA 21201 D 21201 USA
Citazione:
K.E. Dennis et al., "The impact of a shipboard weight control program", OBES RES, 7(1), 1999, pp. 60-67

Abstract

Objective: The specific aim was to determine whether a multifaceted approach to weight loss and physical readiness could be implemented onboard a deployed combatant ship of the U.S. Navy. Research Methods and Procedures: Thirty-nine men (31+/-6 years old, mean+/-standard deviation) assigned to the USS ENTERPRISE (CVN 65) during a 6-month Mediterranean deployment who had failed their previous Physical Readiness Test due to excessive body weight (108+/-11 kg overweight) were randomly assigned to nutrition, cognitive-behavioral obesity treatment plus exerciseor to the Navy's usual treatment (control), which is exercise alone. Results: Outcomes for the treatment group were significantly better than the controls, with 8.6+/-5.0 vs. 5.0+/-4.1 kg weight loss, 8% vs. 5% reduction in original body weight, and body fat loss of 7% vs. 5%. Triglycerides declined significantly greater in the treatment group than the controls (145mg/dL to 109 mg/dL vs. 146 mg/dL to 145 mg/dL, p<0.05), whereas depressionand eating behaviors significantly improved among treated men. Problematicenvironmental factors were the limited variety of heart healthy foods in the galley, short meal breaks, and long mess hall lines that led to eating snacks from vending machines and frequent port calls. Discussion: Although greater weight loss than would be expected of a Navy usual care group diluted the treatment effect, the treated men still fared significantly better. The physical readiness implication of this research has the potential to impact Navy health promotion programs and policy, the health and well-being of its personnel, and the Navy's ability to meet mission requirements.

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Documento generato il 25/11/20 alle ore 18:55:17