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Titolo:
AIDS related eye disease in Burundi, Africa
Autore:
Cochereau, I; Mlika-Cabanne, N; Godinaud, P; Niyongabo, T; Poste, B; Ngayiragije, A; Dazza, MC; Aubry, P; Larouze, B;
Indirizzi:
Hop Bichat, Serv Ophtalmol, IMEA, INSERM,U13, F-75018 Paris, France Hop Bichat Paris France F-75018 IMEA, INSERM,U13, F-75018 Paris, France Ctr Hosp Univ Kamenge, Bujumbura, Burundi Ctr Hosp Univ Kamenge Bujumbura Burundi niv Kamenge, Bujumbura, Burundi
Titolo Testata:
BRITISH JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY
fascicolo: 3, volume: 83, anno: 1999,
pagine: 339 - 342
SICI:
0007-1161(199903)83:3<339:AREDIB>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
IMMUNE-DEFICIENCY-SYNDROME; ACQUIRED-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-SYNDROME; CYTOMEGALOVIRUS RETINITIS; HIV-INFECTION; HIV-1-INFECTED PATIENTS; OCULAR MANIFESTATIONS; VIRUS-INFECTION; TUBERCULOSIS; PREVALENCE; COUNTS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
30
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Cochereau, I Hop Bichat, Serv Ophtalmol, IMEA, INSERM,U13, 46 Rue Henri Huchard, F-75018 Hop Bichat 46 Rue Henri Huchard Paris France F-75018 F-75018
Citazione:
I. Cochereau et al., "AIDS related eye disease in Burundi, Africa", BR J OPHTH, 83(3), 1999, pp. 339-342

Abstract

Aims-To determine the prevalence of ocular manifestations in AIDS patientshospitalised in Bujumbura, Burundi, according to their CD4+ lymphocyte count, serological status for CMV and VZV, and general health status. Methods-Prospective study of 154 consecutive patients who underwent general and ophthalmological examinations, including dilated fundus examination. AIDS was diagnosed on the basis of Bangui criteria and HIV-1 seropositivity. CD4+ lymphocyte counts were determined by the Capcellia method. CMV and VZV antibodies were detected with ELISA methods. Results-The mean age was 37 (SD 9) years and 65% of the patients were male. Active tuberculosis was the most frequent underlying disease (61%). Almost all the patients (99%) were seropositive for CMV and VZV. Among the 115 patients for whom CD4+ lymphocyte counts were available, 86 (75%) had more than 100 cells x 10(6)/1. Ocular involvement comprised 16 cases of microangiopathy, six of opalescence of the anterior chamber, five of retinal perivasculitis, two of tester ophthalmicus, two of viral retinitis, and one of opalescence of the vitreous. Conclusion-In Africa, the prevalence of ocular involvement in HIV infection is far lower than in Europe and the United States, possibly because most African patients die before ocular opportunistic infections occur.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 02/12/20 alle ore 18:23:27