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Titolo:
Composition of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in human milk and growth of young infants in rural areas of northern China
Autore:
Xiang, M; Lei, S; Li, T; Zetterstrom, R;
Indirizzi:
Karolinska Inst, Karolinska Hosp, Dept Paediat, S-17176 Stockholm, Sweden Karolinska Inst Stockholm Sweden S-17176 diat, S-17176 Stockholm, Sweden Huddingeenniv Hosp, Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Chem, S-14186 Huddinge, Swed Huddinge Univ Hosp Huddinge Sweden S-14186 Chem, S-14186 Huddinge, Swed Beijing Childrens Hosp, Beijing Pediat Res Inst, Beijing, Peoples R China Beijing Childrens Hosp Beijing Peoples R China Beijing, Peoples R China
Titolo Testata:
ACTA PAEDIATRICA
fascicolo: 2, volume: 88, anno: 1999,
pagine: 126 - 131
SICI:
0803-5253(199902)88:2<126:COLCPF>2.0.ZU;2-2
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BREAST-MILK; LACTATION; DIET; VEGETARIAN; PRETERM; LIPIDS; WOMEN;
Keywords:
arachidonic acid; docosahexaenoic acid; mature human milk; growth;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
30
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Zetterstrom, R Karolinska Inst, Karolinska Hosp, Dept Paediat, S-17176 Stockholm, Sweden Karolinska Inst Stockholm Sweden S-17176 tockholm, Sweden
Citazione:
M. Xiang et al., "Composition of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in human milk and growth of young infants in rural areas of northern China", ACT PAEDIAT, 88(2), 1999, pp. 126-131

Abstract

The main source of fat in the diet in rural areas of northern China is soybean oil, therefore the pattern of essential fatty acids in human milk may be assumed to differ from that in milk from women in Western countries and to be similar to that of vegans. The concentrations of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in human milk and information on diet were analysed for 41 lactating women in rural areas of north China, and the growth of their infants was measured. The subjects were divided into two groups (group I, 1 mo postpartum; group II, 3 mo postpartum). The dietary intake of the mothers was high in carbohydrate and low in fat, protein and energy. The concentrations of linoleic acid (LA) and a-linolenic acid (LNA) were high. The ratio of LA to LNA, (21.6), was higher than has been reported from other countries. The concentration of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) was low and the ratio of arachidonic acid (AA) to DHA was much higher (2.8) than recommended and similar to that found in vegans. The concentrations of AA and DHA in the milk correlated positively with the infants' weight gain at the third month (p < 0.05) and of DHA with length gain at the first and third months (p < 0.01). Since the concentration of AA and, particularly, DHA in the milk declined during lactation, DHA deficiency may appear after 3-4 mo of age in breastfed Chinese rural infants. Further studies of Chinese rural mother-infantpairs are necessary to prove whether supplementation with suitable sourcesof AA and DHA, such as fish oil, should be recommended as lactation is lengthened to ensure optimal infant growth and development.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 09/07/20 alle ore 12:22:36