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Titolo:
Non-occupational lead and cadmium exposure of adult women in Bangkok, Thailand
Autore:
Zhang, ZW; Shimbo, S; Watanabe, T; Srianujata, S; Banjong, O; Chitchumroonchokchai, C; Nakatsuka, H; Matsuda-Inoguchi, N; Higashikawa, K; Ikeda, M;
Indirizzi:
Kyoto Womens Univ, Dept Food & Nutr, Kyoto 6058501, Japan Kyoto Womens Univ Kyoto Japan 6058501 Food & Nutr, Kyoto 6058501, Japan Miyagi Univ Educ, Sendai, Miyagi 9800845, Japan Miyagi Univ Educ Sendai Miyagi Japan 9800845 endai, Miyagi 9800845, Japan Mahidol Univ, Ramathibodi Hosp, Fac Med, Res Ctr, Bangkok 10400, Thailand Mahidol Univ Bangkok Thailand 10400 ed, Res Ctr, Bangkok 10400, Thailand Mahidol Univ, Inst Nutr, Phuthamonthon 73170, Nakhonpathom, Thailand Mahidol Univ Phuthamonthon Nakhonpathom Thailand 73170 onpathom, Thailand Miyagi Univ, Taiwa 9813298, Japan Miyagi Univ Taiwa Japan 9813298Miyagi Univ, Taiwa 9813298, Japan Kyoto Ind Hlth Assoc, Nakagyo Ku, Kyoto 6048472, Japan Kyoto Ind Hlth Assoc Kyoto Japan 6048472 akagyo Ku, Kyoto 6048472, Japan
Titolo Testata:
SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
fascicolo: 1, volume: 226, anno: 1999,
pagine: 65 - 74
SICI:
0048-9697(19990202)226:1<65:NLACEO>2.0.ZU;2-R
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
FOOD DUPLICATE METHOD; PAST 10 YEARS; NUTRITIONAL-EVALUATION; NONPOLLUTED AREAS; JAPANESE FARMERS; DIETARY-INTAKE; KUALA-LUMPUR; MALAY WOMEN; RURAL-AREAS; BLOOD;
Keywords:
blood; cadmium; food duplicate; lead; Bangkok; women; rice;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
46
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Ikeda, M Kyoto2,nd Hlth Assoc, Nakagyo Ku, 67 Nishinokyo Kitatsubiocho, Kyoto 604847 Kyoto Ind Hlth Assoc 67 Nishinokyo Kitatsubiocho Kyoto Japan 6048472
Citazione:
Z.W. Zhang et al., "Non-occupational lead and cadmium exposure of adult women in Bangkok, Thailand", SCI TOTAL E, 226(1), 1999, pp. 65-74

Abstract

This survey was conducted tb examine the extent of the exposure of Bangkokcitizens to lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd), and to evaluate the role of rice as the source of these heavy metals. In practice, 52 non-smoking adult womenin an institution in the vicinity of Bangkok, volunteered to offer blood, spot urine, boiled rice and 24-h total food duplicate samples. Samples werewet-ashed, and then analyzed for Pb and Cd by ICP-MS. Geometric means for the levels in blood (Pb-B and Cd-B) and urine (Pb-U and Cd-U as corrected for creatinine concentration), and also for dietary intake (Pb-F and Cd-F) were 32.3 mu g/l for Pb-B, 0.41 mu g/l for Cd-B, 2.06 mu g/g creatinine for Pb-U, 1.40 mu g/g creatinine for Cd-U, 15.1 mu g/day for Pb-F and 7.1 mu g/day for Cd-F. Rice contributed 30% and 4% of dietary Cd and Pb burden, respectively. When compared with the counterpart values obtained in four neighboring cities in southeast Asia (i.e. Nanning, Tainan, Manila, and Kuala Lumpur), dietary Pb burden of the women in Bangkok was middle in the order among the values for the five cities. Pb level in the blood was the lowest of the levels among the five cities and Pb in urine was also among the low group. This apparent discrepancy in the order between Pb-B (i.e. the fifth) and Pb-F (the third) might be attributable to recent reduction of Pb levels in the atmosphere in Bangkok. Regarding Cd exposure, Cd levels in blood and urine as well as dietary Cd burden of Bangkok women were either the lowest or the next lowest among those in the five cities. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 30/11/20 alle ore 06:40:24