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Titolo:
COFACTORS FOR SMOKING AND EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOBIOLOGY
Autore:
POMERLEAU CS;
Indirizzi:
UNIV MICHIGAN,DEPT PSYCHIAT,BEHAV MED PROGRAM,NICOTINE RES LAB,475 MARKET PL,SUITE L ANN ARBOR MI 48108
Titolo Testata:
Addiction
fascicolo: 4, volume: 92, anno: 1997,
pagine: 397 - 408
SICI:
0965-2140(1997)92:4<397:CFSAEP>2.0.ZU;2-#
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
FAGERSTROM TOLERANCE QUESTIONNAIRE; DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER; NICOTINE DEPENDENCE; CIGARETTE-SMOKING; MAJOR DEPRESSION; WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS; PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS; INDUCED PARKINSONISM; TOBACCO WITHDRAWAL; YOUNG-ADULTS;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
115
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
C.S. Pomerleau, "COFACTORS FOR SMOKING AND EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOBIOLOGY", Addiction, 92(4), 1997, pp. 397-408

Abstract

Smoking is becoming increasingly concentrated in people with co-factors such as depression, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, anxiety disorders, and bulimia/bingeing. These behavioral or cognitive patterns may be adaptive or neutral in the conditions under which we evolved but maladaptive in environments requiring alertness for extended periods, where a fully mobilized fight-or-flight response is inappropriate, and where food availability makes lack of an ''appestat'' a liability. Such conditions are amenable to management by nicotine because ofits ability to produce small but reliable adjustments in relevant cognitive and behavioral functions. Moreover, symptomatology may be unmasked or exacerbated by nicotine abstinence, persisting beyond the usualtime-course for nicotine withdrawal, which may explain the particularattraction of smoking and the difficulty these individuals experiencein quitting without necessarily requiring that they be more nicotine-dependent. The implications are: (1) a better understanding of the evolutionary psychobiology of smoking may promote development of tailoredinterventions for smokers with co-factors; (2) nicotine may have therapeutic applications for non-smokers with co-factors; (3) because smoking has a fairly high heritability index, and because of evidence of assortative mating, special prevention efforts targeting children of smokers with co-factors, as well as early identification of the co-factor itself, may be needed.

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Documento generato il 28/03/20 alle ore 23:00:12