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Titolo:
Consumption of fortified food between 1985 and 1996 in 2- to 14-year-old German children and adolescents
Autore:
Sichert-Hellert, W; Kersting, M; Schoch, G;
Indirizzi:
FKE, D-44225 Dortmund, Germany FKE Dortmund Germany D-44225FKE, D-44225 Dortmund, Germany
Titolo Testata:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCES AND NUTRITION
fascicolo: 1, volume: 50, anno: 1999,
pagine: 65 - 72
SICI:
0963-7486(199901)50:1<65:COFFB1>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
EAT CEREAL CONSUMPTION; BREAKFAST CEREALS; NUTRIENT INTAKE; SCHOOLCHILDREN; IMPACT;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
16
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Sichert-Hellert, W FKE, Heinstuck 11, D-44225 Dortmund, Germany FKE Heinstuck 11 Dortmund Germany D-44225 und, Germany
Citazione:
W. Sichert-Hellert et al., "Consumption of fortified food between 1985 and 1996 in 2- to 14-year-old German children and adolescents", INT J F S N, 50(1), 1999, pp. 65-72

Abstract

Since the 1980s, fortified food plays an increasing role in food marketingin Germany. However, there is a lack of data concerning fortified food consumption. We therefore evaluated dietary information of the DONALD Study. Atotal of 2251 3-days weighed records between 1986 and 1996 from 637 different subjects aged between 2 and 14 years (mean: 6.6 years) were evaluated. Food products were defined as fortified if enriched at least with one of the following nutrients: vitamin A (including provitamin A carotenoids), E, B1, B2, B6, C, niacin, folate, calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron or phosphate. Products were grouped in 'Diary products', 'Cereals', 'Beverages', 'Instant Beverages', 'Sweets/biscuits', 'Fats/oils', and 'Beikost' (i.e. dietetic food intended for infants and young children under 4 years). Over the last 11 years almost all children and adolescents consumed fortified food products. Excluding the food group 'Fats/oils' the proportion of consumers offortified food increased by about 20% between 1986 and 1996. During the same period the consumption rate increased up to five-fold for the food group'Beverages' and fourfold for 'Cereals'. Since 1988, a relatively constant consumption ratio of 62-68 different fortified products per 100 consumers has been found. 'Beverages' showed the highest food-group-specific diversity. In Germany, vitamins are more often used than minerals to fortify food, whereas vitamin C is the most frequent added nutrient. We found some interesting time trends in the use of vitamins and minerals for fortification witha continuous increase in the use of vitamin C and E. Only vitamin A showeda decrease in use during the study period. Finally, we found a decreasing number of consumers of all fortified products at the end of the study period.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 15/07/20 alle ore 14:08:32