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Titolo:
Cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) genotyping on postmortem blood as a supplementary tool for interpretation of forensic toxicological results
Autore:
Druid, H; Holmgren, P; Carlsson, B; Ahlner, J;
Indirizzi:
Linkoping Univ, Fac Hlth Sci, Div Forens Med, S-58185 Linkoping, Sweden Linkoping Univ Linkoping Sweden S-58185 s Med, S-58185 Linkoping, Sweden Linkoping Univ, Fac Hlth Sci, Div Human Toxicol, S-58185 Linkoping, SwedenLinkoping Univ Linkoping Sweden S-58185 xicol, S-58185 Linkoping, Sweden Linkopingweden Hosp, Fac Hlth Sci, Div Clin Pharmacol, S-58185 Linkoping, S Linkoping Univ Hosp Linkoping Sweden S-58185 macol, S-58185 Linkoping, S
Titolo Testata:
FORENSIC SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL
fascicolo: 1, volume: 99, anno: 1999,
pagine: 25 - 34
SICI:
0379-0738(19990104)99:1<25:CP2(GO>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CLINICAL PHARMACOKINETICS; POOR METABOLIZERS; DEBRISOQUINE; HYDROXYLATION; DRUG; ANTIDEPRESSANTS; POLYMORPHISM; OXIDATION; COMPILATION; SPARTEINE;
Keywords:
CYP2D6; PCR method; poor metabolizer; drug interaction; toxicology; forensic medicine;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
29
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Druid, H Linkoping Univ, Fac Hlth Sci, Div Forens Med, S-58185 Linkoping, Sweden Linkoping Univ Linkoping Sweden S-58185 58185 Linkoping, Sweden
Citazione:
H. Druid et al., "Cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) genotyping on postmortem blood as a supplementary tool for interpretation of forensic toxicological results", FOREN SCI I, 99(1), 1999, pp. 25-34

Abstract

Debrisoquine hydroxylase (CYP2D6) is involved in the metabolism of many toxicologically important drugs. The gene encoding for this enzyme displays apolymorphic distribution in all populations examined. We report a study on46 cases, where analyses of the CYP2D6 gene were conducted on postmortem femoral blood in order to investigate the occurrence of poor metabolizers (PM). A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method, designed and routinely used for therapeutic drug monitoring, was employed, only slightly modified. Samples from 22 cases, where the parent drug to metabolite ratio was unexpectedly high were analyzed as well as samples from 24 control cases. Genotyping could be carried out in all but one case. Previous freezing or addition of potassium fluoride as preservative did not prevent analysis. Only one PM (from the control group) was discovered, implying an occurrence of only 2.2% as compared to the reported frequency of approx. 7% in Sweden. Among the extensive metabolizers (EM), however, a number of individuals with mutated genes were identified. Although it seems reasonable to suspect a PM genotype in cases with a high concentration of a drug metabolized by CYP2D6, but without suspicion of acute overdose, our study does not support the opinion that this interpretation pitfall is particularly common. This study rather indicates that drug interactions in EMs constitute a more frequent and important problem. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 17/01/20 alle ore 20:14:11