Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Prevalence and risk factors of allergic sensitization in Swiss school children
Autore:
Braun-Fahrlander, C; Wuthrich, B; Gassner, M; Grize, L; Neu, U; Varonier, HS; Vuille, JC; Sennhauser, FH;
Indirizzi:
Univ Basel, Inst Sozial & Praventivmed, CH-4051 Basel, Switzerland Univ Basel Basel Switzerland CH-4051 ntivmed, CH-4051 Basel, Switzerland
Titolo Testata:
ALLERGOLOGIE
fascicolo: 1, volume: 22, anno: 1999,
pagine: 54 - 64
SICI:
0344-5062(199901)22:1<54:PARFOA>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
GER
Soggetto:
RESPIRATORY-INFECTIONS; WEST-GERMANY; HAY-FEVER; ASTHMA; ATOPY; CHILDHOOD; EXPOSURE; SCHOOLCHILDREN; POPULATION; POLLINOSIS;
Keywords:
skin prick test; sensitization rate; environmental factors; air pollutants;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
39
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Braun-Fahrlander, C Univitzerlandnst Sozial & Praventivmed, Steinengraben 49, CH-4051 Basel, Sw Univ Basel Steinengraben 49 Basel Switzerland CH-4051
Citazione:
C. Braun-Fahrlander et al., "Prevalence and risk factors of allergic sensitization in Swiss school children", ALLERGOLOGI, 22(1), 1999, pp. 54-64

Abstract

The aim of the present analysis of the SCARPOL Study (Swiss Study on Childhood Allergy and Respiratory Symptoms with respect to Air Pollution and Climate) was to assess the prevalence of allergic sensitization in 3 age groups of children and to establish risk factors of allergic sensitization. Morespecifically, it was of interest whether children living in more polluted communities were at higher risk of being sensitized than children in less polluted areas. Methods: 2,879 (6.4%) of 4,470 children with a completed parental questionnaire underwent skin prick testing (SPT) against 6 common aeroallergens (grass mixture, birch, mugwort, D. pteronyssinus, cat and dog dander). Three age groups of children participated in the study: 6- - 7-year-olds (Ist grade), 9- - 11-year-olds (4th grade), and 13- - 15-year-olds (8th grade). Results: 35.7% of the children were sensitized against at least one tested allergen, 22.5% were sensitized against grass pollen, 12.4% against house dust mites, and 11.4% against birch pollen. A family history of atopy and older age of the children were associated with an increased risk ofsensitization, whereas an increasing number of siblings lowered the risk. There was no relationship between levels of community air pollution and theprevalence of allergic sensitization. Conclusions: The prevalence rates ofallergic sensitization in Swiss schoolchildren are comparable to those observed in Germany. Indicators of indoor air pollution such as smokers in thehome, visible molds, pets, and outdoor air pollution were not associated with allergic sensitization.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 17/01/21 alle ore 18:30:57