Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Association between hyperactivity and executive cognitive functioning in childhood and substance use in early adolescence
Autore:
Aytaclar, S; Tarter, RE; Kirisci, L; Lu, S;
Indirizzi:
Univseittsburgh, Sch Med, Western Psychiat Inst & Clin, Ctr Educ & Drug Abu Univ Pittsburgh Pittsburgh PA USA 15213 Inst & Clin, Ctr Educ & Drug Abu BakirkoyTurkeyl Hosp, Alcohol & Drug Addict Treatment & Res Ctr, Istanbul,Bakirkoy Mental Hosp Istanbul Turkey ict Treatment & Res Ctr, Istanbul, Ctr Educ & Drug Abuse Res, Pittsburgh, PA USA Ctr Educ & Drug Abuse Res Pittsburgh PA USA buse Res, Pittsburgh, PA USA Univ Pittsburgh, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 USA Univ Pittsburgh Pittsburgh PA USA 15260 sychiat, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY
fascicolo: 2, volume: 38, anno: 1999,
pagine: 172 - 178
SICI:
0890-8567(199902)38:2<172:ABHAEC>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PSYCHIATRIC STATUS; HIGH-RISK; SONS; BOYS; ABUSE; ALCOHOLISM; CHILDREN; FATHERS; PSYCHOPATHOLOGY; TEMPERAMENT;
Keywords:
substance abuse; hyperactivity; cognition;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
35
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Tarter, RE Univseittsburgh, Sch Med, Western Psychiat Inst & Clin, Ctr Educ & Drug Abu Univ Pittsburgh 3811 O'Hara St Pittsburgh PA USA 15213 Drug Abu
Citazione:
S. Aytaclar et al., "Association between hyperactivity and executive cognitive functioning in childhood and substance use in early adolescence", J AM A CHIL, 38(2), 1999, pp. 172-178

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether deficient executive cognitive functioning (ECF) in association with high behavioral activity level comprise components of the liability to substance abuse. Method: A high-risk (HR) group having fathers with a lifetime DSM-III-R diagnosis of a psychoactive substance use disorder was compared with a low-average-risk (LAR) group whose fathers had neither psychoactive substance use disorder nor another adult Axis I psychiatric disorder. ECF and behavioral activity were measured using neuropsychological tests, activity monitor, diagnostic interview, and informant ratings when the subjects were 10 to 12 years of age. alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis use were measured at 2-year follow-up. Results: At baseline. the HRgroup had a significantly higher behavioral activity level and exhibited poorer performance on ECF tests than the LAR group. By early adolescence, HRsubjects had a higher lifetime rate of tobacco and cannabis use and earlier age at onset of cannabis use. ECF capacity, but not behavioral activity level, predicted tobacco and cannabis use, total number of drugs ever tried,and severity of drug involvement. ECF accounted for additional variance beyond the effects of conduct problems on these outcomes. Conclusion: Whereasbehavioral activity and ECF capacity in late childhood distinguishes HR from LAR youth, childhood ECF capacity is the more salient predictor of drug use in early adolescence.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 16/01/21 alle ore 08:15:09