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Titolo:
The type 2C Ser/Thr phosphatase PP2C gamma is a pre-mRNA splicing factor
Autore:
Murray, MV; Kobayashi, R; Krainer, AR;
Indirizzi:
Cold Spring Harbor Lab, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724 USA Cold Spring Harbor Lab Cold Spring Harbor NY USA 11724 rbor, NY 11724 USA
Titolo Testata:
GENES & DEVELOPMENT
fascicolo: 1, volume: 13, anno: 1999,
pagine: 87 - 97
SICI:
0890-9369(19990101)13:1<87:TT2SPP>2.0.ZU;2-P
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SERINE-THREONINE PHOSPHATASE; HUMAN PROTEIN PHOSPHATASE; MESSENGER-RNA; SR PROTEINS; MOLECULAR-CLONING; CELL-CYCLE; PHOSPHORYLATION; KINASE; SPLICEOSOME; PURIFICATION;
Keywords:
PP2C gamma; phosphatase; splicing; pre-mRNA processing; spliceosome;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
57
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Krainer, AR Cold Spring Harbor Lab, POB 100, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724 USA Cold Spring Harbor Lab POB 100 Cold Spring Harbor NY USA 11724
Citazione:
M.V. Murray et al., "The type 2C Ser/Thr phosphatase PP2C gamma is a pre-mRNA splicing factor", GENE DEV, 13(1), 1999, pp. 87-97

Abstract

To identify activities involved in human pre-mRNA splicing, we have developed a procedure to separate HeLa cell nuclear extract into five complementing fractions. An activity called SCF1 was purified from one of these fractions by assaying for reconstitution of splicing in the presence of the remaining four fractions. A component of SCF1 is shown to be PP2C gamma, a type 2C Ser/Thr phosphatase of previously unknown function. Previous work suggested that dephosphorylation of splicing factors may be important for catalysis after spliceosome assembly, although the identities of the specific phosphatases involved remain unclear. Here we show that human PP2C gamma is physically associated with the spliceosome in vitro throughout the splicing reaction, but is first required during the early stages of spliceosome assembly for efficient formation of the A complex. The phosphatase activity is required for the splicing function of PP2C gamma, as an active site mutant does not support spliceosome assembly. The requirement for PP2C gamma is highly specific, as the closely related phosphatase PP2C alpha cannot substitute for PP2C gamma. Consistent with a role in splicing, PP2C gamma localizes to the nucleus in vivo. We conclude that at least one specific dephosphorylation event catalyzed by PP2C gamma is required for formation of the spliceosome.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 30/11/20 alle ore 06:33:34