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Titolo:
Respiratory diseases and allergies in two polluted areas in East Germany
Autore:
Heinrich, J; Hoelscher, B; Wjst, M; Ritz, B; Cyrys, J; Wichmann, HE;
Indirizzi:
GSFrg,rschungszentrum Umwelt & Gesundheit, Inst Epidemiol, D-85758 Neuherbe GSF Forschungszentrum Umwelt & Gesundheit Neuherberg Germany D-85758 rbe Univ095lif Los Angeles, Sch Publ Hlth, Ctr Occupat Hlth, Los Angeles, CA 90 Univ Calif Los Angeles Los Angeles CA USA 90095 Hlth, Los Angeles, CA 90 Univ0095if Los Angeles, Sch Publ Hlth, Ctr Environm Hlth, Los Angeles, CA 9 Univ Calif Los Angeles Los Angeles CA USA 90095 m Hlth, Los Angeles, CA 9 Univ&Munich, Lehrstuhl Epidemiol, Inst Med Informat Verarbeitung BiometrieUniv Munich Oberschleissheim Germany ed Informat Verarbeitung Biometrie
Titolo Testata:
ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PERSPECTIVES
fascicolo: 1, volume: 107, anno: 1999,
pagine: 53 - 62
SICI:
0091-6765(199901)107:1<53:RDAAIT>2.0.ZU;2-B
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
LONG-TERM EXPOSURE; AIR-POLLUTANTS; LUNG-FUNCTION; CHILDREN; ASTHMA; HEALTH; SYMPTOMS; PREVALENCE; CHILDHOOD; SCHOOLCHILDREN;
Keywords:
allergy; bronchial reactivity; children; eastern Germany; IgE; industrial pollution; respiratory health; skin prick test;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
46
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Heinrich, J GSFndstrchungszentrum Umwelt & Gesundheit, Inst Epidemiol, Ingolstaedter La GSF Forschungszentrum Umwelt & Gesundheit Ingolstaedter Landstr 1 Neuherberg Germany D-85758
Citazione:
J. Heinrich et al., "Respiratory diseases and allergies in two polluted areas in East Germany", ENVIR H PER, 107(1), 1999, pp. 53-62

Abstract

This cross-sectional epidemiological study collected health data for 2,470school children between 5 and 14 years of age (89% of eligible children) who had lived most of their lives in either one of two counties strongly impacted by industrial pollution (Bitterfeld and Hettstedt) or in a neighboring county without any sources of industrial pollution (Zerbst). The objective of the study was to examine whether regional differences-with respect to the occurrence of childhood respiratory diseases and symptoms or allergies-exist and, if such differences are found, whether they persist when we adjust for the effects of known risk factors such as medical and sociodemographic factors or factors related to the indoor environment. Controlling for medical, sociodemographic, and indoor factors, according to parental reports,children residing in Hettstedt have about a 50% increased lifetime prevalence for physician-diagnosed allergies, enema, and bronchitis compared to children from Zerbst and about twice the number of respiratory symptoms such as wheeze, shortness of breath, and cough without cold. Sensitization to common aeroallergens according to skin prick tests [odds ratio (OR) = 1.38; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.02-1.86] and specific IgE levels (OR = 1.75;CI, 1.31-2.33) was more common for children from Hettstedt than children from the nonpolluted county. Bitterfeld children, on the other hand, more often received a diagnosis of asthma and enema than children residing in Zerbst and also showed slightly increased sensitization rates. In conclusion, industrial pollution related to mining and smelting operations in the countyof Hettstedt were associated with a higher lifetime prevalence of respiratory disorders and an increased rate of allergic sensitization in children between the ages of 5 and 14 years. Further studies are needed to determine what role the high dust content of heavy metals plays in Hettstedt.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 23/01/21 alle ore 09:57:48