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Titolo:
Dietary factors and risks for prostate cancer among blacks and whites in the United States
Autore:
Hayes, RB; Ziegler, RG; Gridley, G; Swanson, C; Greenberg, RS; Swanson, GM; Schoenberg, JB; Silverman, DT; Brown, LM; Pottern, LM; Liff, J; Schwartz, AG; Fraumeni, JF; Hoover, RN;
Indirizzi:
NCI, Div Canc Epidemiol & Genet, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA NCI Bethesda MD USA 20892 Canc Epidemiol & Genet, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA Emory Univ, Rollins Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Atlanta, GA 30329 USA Emory Univ Atlanta GA USA 30329 th, Dept Epidemiol, Atlanta, GA 30329 USA Michigan Canc Fdn, Detroit, MI 48201 USA Michigan Canc Fdn Detroit MI USA48201 an Canc Fdn, Detroit, MI 48201 USA NewAJersey State Dept Hlth, Special Epidemiol Program, Trenton, NJ 08625 US New Jersey State Dept Hlth Trenton NJ USA 08625 ram, Trenton, NJ 08625 US NIH, Off Director, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA NIH Bethesda MD USA 20892NIH, Off Director, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA
Titolo Testata:
CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY BIOMARKERS & PREVENTION
fascicolo: 1, volume: 8, anno: 1999,
pagine: 25 - 34
SICI:
1055-9965(199901)8:1<25:DFARFP>2.0.ZU;2-7
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BETA-CAROTENE; ENERGY ADJUSTMENT; PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY; FAT CONSUMPTION; NUTRITION; POPULATION; CARCINOMA; TOBACCO; HEIGHT; WEIGHT;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
50
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Hayes, RB NCI, Div Canc Epidemiol & Genet, Execut Plaza N,EPN 418, Bethesda, MD 20892 NCI Execut Plaza N,EPN 418 Bethesda MD USA 20892 hesda, MD 20892
Citazione:
R.B. Hayes et al., "Dietary factors and risks for prostate cancer among blacks and whites in the United States", CANC EPID B, 8(1), 1999, pp. 25-34

Abstract

Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy in men in the United States,with substantially higher rates among American blacks than whites. We carried out a population-based case-control study in three geographic areas of the United States to evaluate the reasons for the racial disparity in incidence rates. A total of 932 men (449 black men and 483 white men) who had been newly diagnosed with pathologically confirmed prostate cancer and 1201 controls (543 black men and 658 white men) were interviewed in person to elicit information on potential risk factors. This report evaluates the impactof dietary factors, particularly the consumption of animal products and animal fat, on the risk of prostate cancer among blacks and whites in the United States. Increased consumption (grams/day) of foods high in animal fat was linked to prostate cancer (independent of intake of other calories) among American blacks [by quartile of intake, odds ratio (OR) = 1.0 (referent), 1.5, 2.1, and 2.0; P-trend = 0.007], but not among American whites [by quartile of intake, OR = 1.0 (referent), 1.6, 1.5, and 1.1; P-trend = 0.90]. However, risks for advanced prostate cancer were higher with greater intake of foods high in animal fat among blacks [by quartile of intake, OR = 1.0 (referent), 2.2, 4.2, and 3.1; P-trend = 0.006] and whites [by quartile of intake, OR =1.0 (referent), 2.2, 2.6, and 2.4; P-trend = 0.02]. Increased intake of animal fat as it proportion of total caloric intake also showed positive but weaker associations with advanced prostate cancer among blacks (P-trend = 0.13) and whites (P-trend = 0.08). No clear associations were found with vitamin A, calcium, or specific lycopene-rich foods. The study linked greater consumption of fat from animal sources to increased risk for prostate cancer among American blacks and to advanced prostate cancer among American blacks and whites. A reduction of fat from animal sources in the diet could lead to decreased incidence and mortality rates for prostate cancer, particularly among American blacks.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 07/07/20 alle ore 21:35:13