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Titolo:
1995 epizootic of vesicular stomatitis (New Jersey serotype) in the western United States: An entomologic perspective
Autore:
Schmidtmann, ET; Tabachnick, WJ; Hunt, GJ; Thompson, LH; Hurd, HS;
Indirizzi:
USDA ARS, Arthropod Borne Anim Dis Res Lab, Laramie, WY 82071 USA USDA ARS Laramie WY USA 82071 rne Anim Dis Res Lab, Laramie, WY 82071 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY
fascicolo: 1, volume: 36, anno: 1999,
pagine: 1 - 7
SICI:
0022-2585(199901)36:1<1:1EOVS(>2.0.ZU;2-7
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
VIRUS NEW-JERSEY; LUTZOMYIA-SHANNONI DIPTERA; VECTOR COMPETENCE; OSSABAW ISLAND; COLORADO; GEORGIA; TRANSMISSION; PSYCHODIDAE; SIMULIIDAE; CALIFORNIA;
Keywords:
vesicular stomatitis virus; livestock disease; insect vectors; arbovirus; western United States; epizootiology;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
41
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Schmidtmann, ET USDA82071 Arthropod Borne Anim Dis Res Lab, Box 3965,Univ Stn, Laramie, WY USDA ARS Box 3965,Univ Stn Laramie WY USA 82071 aramie, WY
Citazione:
E.T. Schmidtmann et al., "1995 epizootic of vesicular stomatitis (New Jersey serotype) in the western United States: An entomologic perspective", J MED ENT, 36(1), 1999, pp. 1-7

Abstract

Entomologic and epizootic data are reviewed concerning the potential for transmission of vesicular stomatitis (VS) virus by insects, including field data from case-positive premises in New Mexico and Colorado during the 1995outbreak of the New Jersey serotype (VSNJ). As with previous outbreaks of VSNJ in the western United States, the 1995 epizootic illustrated that riskof exposure is seasonal, increasing during warm weather and decreasing with onset of cool weather; virus activity spread from south to north along river valleys of the southwestern and Rocky Mountain states; clinical diseasewas detected most commonly in horses, but also occurred in cattle and 1 Ilama; and most infections were subclinical. Overall, 367 case-positive premises were identified during the 1995 outbreak, with foci of virus activity along the Rio Grande River south of Albuquerque, NM, in southwestern Colorado, and along the Colorado River near Grand Junction, CO. The establishment of a 16-km (10-mile) radius zone of restricted animal movement around confirmed positive premises, along with imposition of state and international embargoes, created economic hardship for livestock owners and producers. The importance of defining the role of blood-feeding insects as biological vectors of VSNJ virus relative to risk factors that promote high levels of insect transmission, such as the presence of livestock along western river valleys, blood feeding activity, and frequent transport of animals for recreational purposes, is emphasized as a basis for developing effective disease management.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 07/04/20 alle ore 04:20:13