Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Neuronal activity influences the growth of barrels in developing rat primary somatosensory cortex without affecting the expression pattern of four major GABA(A) receptor alpha subunits
Autore:
Penschuck, S; Giorgetta, O; Fritschy, JM;
Indirizzi:
Univ Zurich, Inst Pharmacol, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerland Univ Zurich Zurich Switzerland CH-8057 acol, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerland
Titolo Testata:
DEVELOPMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH
fascicolo: 1, volume: 112, anno: 1999,
pagine: 117 - 127
SICI:
0165-3806(19990111)112:1<117:NAITGO>2.0.ZU;2-E
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SOMATIC SENSORY CORTEX; ACTIVITY-DEPENDENT REGULATION; MATRIX GLYCOPROTEIN TENASCIN; NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR; POSTNATAL-DEVELOPMENT; CEREBRAL-CORTEX; VISUAL-CORTEX; GABA(A)-RECEPTOR SUBTYPES; THALAMIC AFFERENTS; ADULT-RAT;
Keywords:
GABA(A) receptor; subunit; thalamocortical projection; barrel; cortical development; MK-801; BDNF; Elvax polymer;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
57
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Fritschy, JM Univndurich, Inst Pharmacol, Winterthurerstr 190, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerla Univ Zurich Winterthurerstr 190 Zurich Switzerland CH-8057 a
Citazione:
S. Penschuck et al., "Neuronal activity influences the growth of barrels in developing rat primary somatosensory cortex without affecting the expression pattern of four major GABA(A) receptor alpha subunits", DEV BRAIN R, 112(1), 1999, pp. 117-127

Abstract

Thalamic innervation plays a major role in parcellation of neocortex and maturation of cortical circuits. While the underlying mechanisms are unknown, lesion studies have identified GABA(A) receptors in neocortex as molecular targets of thalamic regulation [J. Paysan, A. Kossel, J. Bolt, J.M. Fritschy, Area-specific regulation of gamma-aminobutyric acid A receptor subtypes by thalamic afferents in developing rat neocortex, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94 (1997) 6995-7000]. To determine the factors regulating the expression of GABA(A) receptors, the overall level of neuronal activity was chronically modulated in neonatal rat cortex. Slices of Elvax polymer loaded with the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist MK-801 or with brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were placed unilaterally over the left parietal cortex in newborn animals. Unlike thalamic lesions (Paysan et al., 1997), these chronic drug treatments did nor alter the laminar distribution or the expression level of the four major GABA, receptor oc subunit isoforms(alpha 1, alpha 2, alpha 3, alpha 5) in primary somatosensory cortex (S1),as assessed immunohistochemically after one week. In particular, the staining of the barrel field in layers III-IV, which is very prominent with the alpha 1-subunit, was preserved in the drug-treated hemisphere. Even systemic administration of MK-801 at birth, which resulted in pronounced retardation of cortical development, had no effect on the laminar distribution and staining intensity of the four GABA(A) receptor alpha subunit variants. However, the size of barrels in S1, as measured in tangential sections stained for the GABA(A) receptor alpha 1 subunit, was enlarged upon chronic, topical blockade of NMDA receptors with MK-801 and was reduced to the same extentupon chronic exposure to BDNF. Thus, these pharmacological treatments modulated cortical growth, possibly by exerting opposite effects on neuronal activity in S1. The results suggest that the parcellation of somatosensory cortex and the laminar distribution of GABA(A) receptor subtypes are governedprimarily by factors independent of thalamocortical activity. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 02/04/20 alle ore 12:49:00