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Titolo:
Predicting survival using simple clinical variables: a case study in traumatic brain injury
Autore:
Signorini, DF; Andrews, PJD; Jones, PA; Wardlaw, JM; Miller, JD;
Indirizzi:
Univ Edinburgh, Dept Clin Neurosci, Edinburgh EH8 9YL, Midlothian, Scotland Univ Edinburgh Edinburgh Midlothian Scotland EH8 9YL Midlothian, Scotland Univ Edinburgh, Dept Anaesthet, Edinburgh EH8 9YL, Midlothian, Scotland Univ Edinburgh Edinburgh Midlothian Scotland EH8 9YL Midlothian, Scotland
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY
fascicolo: 1, volume: 66, anno: 1999,
pagine: 20 - 25
SICI:
0022-3050(199901)66:1<20:PSUSCV>2.0.ZU;2-7
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SEVERE HEAD-INJURY; MORTALITY PROBABILITY-MODELS; INTENSIVE-CARE UNIT; INDIVIDUAL PATIENTS; PROGNOSTIC MODELS; CLASSIFICATION; PROTEIN; SCORE; COMA;
Keywords:
traumatic brain injury; prognosis; trauma; clinical audit; survival;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
39
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Signorini, DF Univeweinburgh, Western Gen Hosp, Dept Clin Neurosci, Bramwell Dott Bldg,Cr Univ Edinburgh Bramwell Dott Bldg,Crewe Rd Edinburgh Midlothian Scotland EH4 2XU
Citazione:
D.F. Signorini et al., "Predicting survival using simple clinical variables: a case study in traumatic brain injury", J NE NE PSY, 66(1), 1999, pp. 20-25

Abstract

Objectives-Prediction of patient outcome can be useful as an aid to clinical decision making, to explore possible biological mechanisms, and as part of the clinical audit process. Many studies have constructed predictive models for survival after traumatic brain injury, but these have often used expensive, time consuming, or highly specialised measurements. The aim of this study was to develop a simple easy to use model involving only variables which are rapidly and easily clinically achievable in routine practice. Methods-All consecutive patients admitted to a regional trauma centre withmoderate or severe head injury were enrolled in the study. Basic demographic, injury, and CT characteristics were recorded. Patient survival at 1 year was used to construct a simple predictive model which was then validated on a very similar patient group. Results-372 patients were included in the study, of whom 365 (98%) were followed up for survival at 1 year. Multiple logistic regression resulted in a model containing age (p<0.001), Glasgow coma scale score (p<0.001), injury severity score (p<0.001), pupil reactivity (p=0.004), and presence of haematoma on CT (p=0.004) as independently significant predictors of survival. The model was validated on an independent set of 520 patients, showing good discrimination and adequate calibration, but with a tendency to be pessimistic about very severely injured patients. It is presented as an easy to use nomogram. Conclusions-All five variables have previously been shown co be related tosurvival. All variables in the model are clinically simple and easy to measure rapidly in a centre with access to 24 hour CT, resulting in a model that is both well validated and clinically useful.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 24/09/20 alle ore 21:27:27