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Titolo:
The emergence of dissipative structures within information provider organizations
Autore:
Ward, R; Robins, D;
Indirizzi:
Louisiana State Univ, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 USA Louisiana State Univ Baton Rouge LA USA 70803 , Baton Rouge, LA 70803 USA
Titolo Testata:
PROCEEDINGS OF THE ASIS ANNUAL MEETING
, volume: 35, anno: 1998,
pagine: 373 - 388
SICI:
0044-7870(1998)35:<373:TEODSW>2.0.ZU;2-V
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SCIENCE; LIBRARY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
20
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Ward, R Louisiana State Univ, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 USA Louisiana State Univ Baton Rouge LA USA 70803 Rouge, LA 70803 USA
Citazione:
R. Ward e D. Robins, "The emergence of dissipative structures within information provider organizations", P ASIS ANNU, 35, 1998, pp. 373-388

Abstract

Three system models (closed, open, and dissipative systems) are presented and compared with traditional models for the adoption of new technology, and for the operation of information provision centers (e.g., libraries). It is argued that information provision centers have existed for the last century as closed systems, but are now forced into an open systems paradigm by technological and economic environmental factors. A closed, or autopoietic,system is defined as any system whose contact with its environment produces no profound effect on the system. Libraries, in particular, have behaved as closed systems by maintaining internal structures (e.g., dissemination structures, service structures, classification and record structures, etc.),and engineering-based scientific Principles to perform four basic functions: to (i) select; (ii) organize; (iii) disseminate; and (iv) preserve information containers (as opposed to information itself). An open system, on the other hand, is one in which the system's environment plays a profound role in the system's development and evolution. It is argued that the relationship between a library and its environment is increasingly interdependent due to an increasingly integrated telecommunications infrastructure, and that traditional library functions break down in an open systems paradigm. A dissipative system is one in which organizations lose identity in order to adapt rapidly to radical environmental change. Such systems are in constant search for means to sustain internal and environmental relationships. Implications for LIS education, management of information centers, and the economics of information provision are discussed.

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Documento generato il 05/04/20 alle ore 09:41:15