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Titolo:
The evolved basis and adaptive functions of cognitive distortions
Autore:
Gilbert, P;
Indirizzi:
Kingsway Hosp, Mental Hlth Res Unit, Derby DE22 3LZ, England Kingsway Hosp Derby England DE22 3LZ h Res Unit, Derby DE22 3LZ, England
Titolo Testata:
BRITISH JOURNAL OF MEDICAL PSYCHOLOGY
, volume: 71, anno: 1998,
parte:, 4
pagine: 447 - 463
SICI:
0007-1129(199812)71:<447:TEBAAF>2.0.ZU;2-W
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SOCIAL-BEHAVIOR; WILD BABOONS; EVOLUTIONARY; INTEGRATION; TASK; PSYCHOPATHOLOGY; PERSONALITY; PSYCHOLOGY; JUDGMENT; EXCHANGE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
93
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Gilbert, P Kingsway Hosp, Mental Hlth Res Unit, Derby DE22 3LZ, England Kingsway Hosp Derby England DE22 3LZ Derby DE22 3LZ, England
Citazione:
P. Gilbert, "The evolved basis and adaptive functions of cognitive distortions", BR J MED PS, 71, 1998, pp. 447-463

Abstract

This paper explores common cognitive distortions from the perspective of evolutionary psychology. It is suggested that cognitive distortions are natural consequences of using fast track defensive algorithms that are sensitive to threat. In various contexts, especially those of threat, humans evolved to think adaptively rather than logically. Hence cognitive distortions are not strictly errors in brain functioning and it can be useful to inform patients that 'negative thinking' may be dysfunctional but is a reflection of basic brain design and not: personal irrationality. The evolved nature ofcognitive distortions has been implicit in cognitive therapy from its early days (Beck, 1963; Ellis, 1962) but has not been fully articulated in whatis now known about evolved mental processes. Many forms of cognitive distortion can be seen to use the (previously) adaptive heuristic of better safethan sorry.

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Documento generato il 14/07/20 alle ore 10:41:34