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Titolo:
NEUROPSYCHIATRIC IMPAIRMENT IN IMPULSIVE PERSONALITY-DISORDERS
Autore:
STEIN DJ; HOLLANDER E; COHEN L; FRENKEL M; SAOUD JB; DECARIA C; ARONOWITZ B; LEVIN A; LIEBOWITZ MR; COHEN L;
Indirizzi:
QUEENS HOSP CTR,MT SINAI SERV,DEPT PSYCHIAT,BLDG N,5TH FL,82-68 164THST JAMAICA NY 11432 HOLLISWOOD HOSP HOLLISWOOD NY 00000 NEW YORK STATE PSYCHIAT INST & HOSP,ANXIETY DISORDERS CLIN NEW YORK NY 10032 COLUMBIA UNIV COLL PHYS & SURG NEW YORK NY 10032 NEW YORK STATE PSYCHIAT INST & HOSP,OCD BIOL STUDIES PROGRAM NEW YORKNY 10032
Titolo Testata:
Psychiatry research
fascicolo: 3, volume: 48, anno: 1993,
pagine: 257 - 266
SICI:
0165-1781(1993)48:3<257:NIIIP>2.0.ZU;2-T
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
NEUROLOGICAL SOFT SIGNS; PSYCHOLOGICAL-TESTS; DYSFUNCTION; PERFORMANCE;
Keywords:
NEUROLOGICAL SOFT SIGNS; NEUROPSYCHOLOGY; BORDERLINE PERSONALITY; ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY; COGNITION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
43
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
D.J. Stein et al., "NEUROPSYCHIATRIC IMPAIRMENT IN IMPULSIVE PERSONALITY-DISORDERS", Psychiatry research, 48(3), 1993, pp. 257-266

Abstract

It has been suggested that impulsivity and aggression are associated with neuropsychiatric impairment. Neurological soft signs may be a useful marker of nonspecific brain damage, and may therefore be increasedin impulsive and aggressive patients compared with normal control subjects. A structured examination was used to evaluate neurological softsigns in 28 patients with personality disorders characterized by impulsivity and 28 healthy control subjects. All of the patients met DSM-III-R criteria for borderline personality disorder, and 10 also met criteria for antisocial personality disorder. All patients were questioned about past history of physical aggression, and a subset of 18 patients underwent neuropsychological testing with a select battery. Left-sided neurological soft signs were significantly increased in patients compared with normal control subjects. Patients with a history of aggression, however, had significantly more right-sided neurological soft signs than those without a history of aggression. Increased neurological soft signs were associated with impairment on the Wisconsin Card Sort, a test of frontal lobe executive function. Specific neuropsychiatric abnormalities, such as lateralized neurological soft signs and associated impairment on select neuropsychological tests, may be present inpatients with personality disorders characterized by impulsivity.

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Documento generato il 04/04/20 alle ore 02:57:28