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Titolo:
EFFECTS OF RANDOM MUTAGENESIS IN A PUTATIVE SUBSTRATE-BINDING DOMAIN OF GERANYLGERANYL DIPHOSPHATE SYNTHASE UPON INTERMEDIATE FORMATION ANDSUBSTRATE-SPECIFICITY
Autore:
OHNUMA S; HEMMI H; OHTO C; NAKANE H; NISHINO T;
Indirizzi:
TOHOKU UNIV,DEPT BIOCHEM & ENGN,AOBA KU SENDAI MIYAGI 98077 JAPAN TOYOTA MOTOR CO LTD,BIO RES LAB TOYOTA 47171 JAPAN
Titolo Testata:
Journal of Biochemistry
fascicolo: 4, volume: 121, anno: 1997,
pagine: 696 - 704
SICI:
0021-924X(1997)121:4<696:EORMIA>2.0.ZU;2-P
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
VARIABLE PRODUCT SPECIFICITY; SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE; CATALYTIC SITE; RAT-LIVER; PRENYLTRANSFERASE; SYNTHETASE; PURIFICATION; ENZYME; YEAST;
Keywords:
ENZYME MECHANISM; FARNESYL DIPHOSPHATE; GERANYLGERANYL DIPHOSPHATE SYNTHASE; ISOPRENOIDS; PRENYLTRANSFERASE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
23
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
S. Ohnuma et al., "EFFECTS OF RANDOM MUTAGENESIS IN A PUTATIVE SUBSTRATE-BINDING DOMAIN OF GERANYLGERANYL DIPHOSPHATE SYNTHASE UPON INTERMEDIATE FORMATION ANDSUBSTRATE-SPECIFICITY", Journal of Biochemistry, 121(4), 1997, pp. 696-704

Abstract

Archaeal geranylgeranyl diphosphate (GGPP) synthase catalyzes the consecutive condensation of isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) with allylic diphosphates to produce GGPP with significant amounts of intermediates, To obtain information about the amino acids involved in the condensation and the release of intermediates, we randomly mutagenized two proximal regions, I and II, of the Sulfolobus acidocaldarius GGPP synthase gene and created two degenerate libraries, I and II, respectively, Regions I and II correspond to amino acid residues 170-173 and 166-168, respectively, The prenyltransferase activities of about 200 clones wereanalyzed using the in vivo red-white system and the conventional in vitro assay, Although, in library I, no mutated enzymes that failed to catalyze the formation of GGPP were found, as assayed with the red-white system, almost all the mutated enzymes exhibited weak GGPP synthesis activity, and many produced large amounts of intermediates, The formation ofintermediates increased as the concentration of IPP was decreased or as the concentration of the allylic substrate was increased, These phenomena can be regarded as a reflection of the increased Km for IPP and the decreased affinity for products including intermediates, On the other hand, no mutants from library II showed such changes, These results suggest that the region from 170 to 173 is concerned in the recognition of both IPP and allylic diphosphates, and that the change in responsiveness to prenyl diphosphates causes a change in intermediate formation.

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Documento generato il 02/04/20 alle ore 19:11:03