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Titolo:
ACCURACY AND VARIABILITY OF LEG VELOCITIES DURING CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC ACTIONS OF THE QUADRICEPS FEMORIS MUSCLES
Autore:
GAJDOSIK RL; FARIS DW; KATO TK; ROOSA PF; MATSUMOTO T;
Indirizzi:
UNIV MONTANA,MOTOR CONTROL RES LAB,PHYS THERAPY DEPT,SCH PHARM & ALLIED HLTH SCI MISSOULA MT 59812
Titolo Testata:
Perceptual and motor skills
fascicolo: 2, volume: 84, anno: 1997,
pagine: 575 - 586
SICI:
0031-5125(1997)84:2<575:AAVOLV>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
STRETCH-SHORTENING CYCLE; CONTRACTIONS; DYNAMOMETER; FLEXION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
15
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
R.L. Gajdosik et al., "ACCURACY AND VARIABILITY OF LEG VELOCITIES DURING CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC ACTIONS OF THE QUADRICEPS FEMORIS MUSCLES", Perceptual and motor skills, 84(2), 1997, pp. 575-586

Abstract

This study examined the ability to control leg velocities during concentric and eccentric actions of the right quadriceps muscles. Ten healthy women (M age = 25.9 +/- 3.5 yr.) were tested using the Isotonic Program of the KIN-COM II 500H dynamometer. They attempted to match velocity tracings of 10 degrees, 20 degrees, and 40 degrees/sec. through 70 degrees of knee range of motion at a load equal to 10% of their maximal mean concentric force. The actual mean velocities, mean percent deviation from the target velocities, and the coefficient of variation for both actions were calculated for 15 degrees-75 degrees (full range of motion), 15 degrees-45 degrees (shorter range of motion), and 46 degrees-75 degrees (longer range of motion). Separate one-way analyses of variance with two trial factors (action x velocity) showed faster concentric velocities through the full and longer ranges of mot ion, andfaster eccentric velocities through the shorter range of motion. Meanper cent deviations indicated that the eccentric velocities were generally more accurate within all ranges of motion. Larger concentric coefficients of variation were found within the full and longer ranges ofmotion, and the coefficients of variation for both actions decreased as the velocities increased. An exaggerated 'velocity overshoot' at the onset of both actions probably contributed to differences in the velocities and coefficients of variation. The results indicated differences between the concentric and eccentric actions, explained in part by the testing methodology used and by the known mechanical and physiological characteristics of the two muscle actions.

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Documento generato il 11/08/20 alle ore 14:45:27