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Titolo:
INTERPRETATION OF LUMBAR SPINE DENSITOMETRY IN WOMEN WITH FRACTURES
Autore:
NIELSEN SP; HERMANSEN F; BARENHOLDT O;
Indirizzi:
CENT HOSP HILLEROD,DEPT CLIN PHYSIOL & NUCL MED DK-3400 HILLEROD DENMARK
Titolo Testata:
Osteoporosis international
fascicolo: 5, volume: 3, anno: 1993,
pagine: 276 - 282
SICI:
0937-941X(1993)3:5<276:IOLSDI>2.0.ZU;2-O
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DUAL-PHOTON ABSORPTIOMETRY; MINERAL CONTENT BMC; BONE MASS; SEX-DIFFERENCES; AGE; OSTEOPOROSIS; DENSITY; DEXA;
Keywords:
BONE MINERAL CONTENT; BONE MINERAL DENSITY; FRACTURE RISK; OSTEODENSITOMETRY; OSTEOPOROSIS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
18
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
S.P. Nielsen et al., "INTERPRETATION OF LUMBAR SPINE DENSITOMETRY IN WOMEN WITH FRACTURES", Osteoporosis international, 3(5), 1993, pp. 276-282

Abstract

Identification of postmenopausal women at risk of developing osteoporotic fractures is a major clinical problem. In this study the use of projected planar lumbar bone density values for individual fracture risk assessment was questioned. Osteodensitometry (DXA) results from 415 normal women, 62 women with previous vertebral compressions, and 76 women with previous low-energy fractures were analyzed, together with their body size and lumbar vertebral body size variables. The following were found: (1) Lumbar vertebral projected bone mineral areal density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC) of normal women correlated with body size variables (p<0.001). (2) Lumbar vertebral body size variablesalso correlated with body size variables (p<0.001). Logistic regression analysis of measured and derived physical variables from women without and with vertebral compression fractures (n=477) showed: (3) The best compression fracture discriminator, significantly better than BMD,was BMC divided by (H(max)/165 cm)1.5 x (D/4.35 cm)1.5, where H(max) is the body height (cm) at the menopause, and D the mean lumbar vertebral diameter of the three mid-lumbar vertebral bodies (cm). This parameter was termed BMC(corr. ) ROC analysis showed: (4) At a BMC(corr.) true positive ratio of 80% the corresponding uncorrected BMC or BMD truepositive ratio was only 60%. The corresponding false positive ratio was 6%. Lumbar osteodensitometry could not be used to identify women with a history of peripheral low-energy fractures. (5) BMC(corr.) did not, unlike BMC and BMD, correlate with body size and vertebral size variables. (6) Likewise, an observed correlation between BMC and lean body mass in a subpopulation of 116 normal women was abolished when BMC(corr.) replaced BMC. We suggest that vertebral compression fracture risk limits based on BMC, corrected for individual differences in body size and vertebral body size, replace the commonly used BMD fracture risk limits. The discriminatory ability of BMC(corr.) for low-energy fractures needs to be tested in a different population.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 20/09/20 alle ore 07:47:50