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Titolo:
THE SPECIAL DETERRENT EFFECTS OF A JAIL SANCTION ON 1ST-TIME DRUNK DRIVERS - A QUASI-EXPERIMENTAL STUDY
Autore:
MARTIN SE; ANNAN S; FORST B;
Indirizzi:
NIAA,PREVENT RES BRANCH ROCKVILLE MD 20857 POLICE FDN WASHINGTON DC 20037 AMERICAN UNIV,DEPT JUSTICE LAW & SOC WASHINGTON DC 20016
Titolo Testata:
Accident analysis and prevention
fascicolo: 5, volume: 25, anno: 1993,
pagine: 561 - 568
SICI:
0001-4575(1993)25:5<561:TSDEOA>2.0.ZU;2-7
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DRINKING;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social Sciences Citation Index
Social Sciences Citation Index
Citazioni:
22
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
S.E. Martin et al., "THE SPECIAL DETERRENT EFFECTS OF A JAIL SANCTION ON 1ST-TIME DRUNK DRIVERS - A QUASI-EXPERIMENTAL STUDY", Accident analysis and prevention, 25(5), 1993, pp. 561-568

Abstract

This study examines the special deterrent effects of alternative sanctions on first-time offenders convicted of driving while intoxicated (DWI). It uses a quasi-experimental design based on the fact that in Hennepin County, Minnesota, some judges did not comply with the judicialpolicy that mandated a two-day jail sentence for all first-time DWI offenders. Data were collected on all drunk driving cases adjudicated by two judges during an 11-month period. One judge was known to sentence few first offenders to jail; the other was reputed to sentence virtually all first offenders to jail. Of the 383 offenders sentenced by the two judges, 60 were reconvicted within the 23-month follow-up period. Using judge as an indirect measure of the jail sanction, we found nostatistically significant difference in the recidivism rates of persons sentenced by the ''jail'' and ''no jail'' judges. Nor did the sanction have a direct effect. After statistically controlling for offendercharacteristics and prior traffic record, there was no significant difference between those sentenced to a fine (large or small) with no jail and those who were given a two-day jail sentence plus a small fine. Thus, a two-day jail stay is found to be no more effective in deterring subsequent drunk driving by convicted first offenders than an alternative monetary sanction.

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Documento generato il 23/01/20 alle ore 03:21:33