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Titolo:
REGIONAL CHANGES IN DOPAMINE AND SEROTONIN ACTIVATION WITH VARIOUS INTENSITY OF PHYSICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS IN THE RAT-BRAIN
Autore:
INOUE T; TSUCHIYA K; KOYAMA T;
Indirizzi:
HOKKAIDO UNIV,SCH MED,DEPT PSYCHIAT & NEUROL,NORTH 15,WEST 7 SAPPORO HOKKAIDO 060 JAPAN
Titolo Testata:
Pharmacology, biochemistry and behavior
fascicolo: 4, volume: 49, anno: 1994,
pagine: 911 - 920
SICI:
0091-3057(1994)49:4<911:RCIDAS>2.0.ZU;2-H
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYLACETIC ACID DOPAC; NUCLEUS ACCUMBENS; CONDITIONED FEAR; INDUCED INCREASE; FRONTAL-CORTEX; METABOLISM; RELEASE; SYSTEMS; IMMOBILIZATION; ENHANCEMENT;
Keywords:
DOPAMINE; SEROTONIN; FOOTSHOCK STRESS; STRESS INTENSITY; CONDITIONED FEAR STRESS; PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS; FREEZING BEHAVIOR; MEDIAL PREFRONTAL CORTEX; ANXIETY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
37
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
T. Inoue et al., "REGIONAL CHANGES IN DOPAMINE AND SEROTONIN ACTIVATION WITH VARIOUS INTENSITY OF PHYSICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS IN THE RAT-BRAIN", Pharmacology, biochemistry and behavior, 49(4), 1994, pp. 911-920

Abstract

The present study examined whether regional patterns of brain dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) activation after physical and psychological stress depend on the intensity of that stress. Monoamine concentrations (DA, 5-HT, and their metabolites) were measured using high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection in eight brain regions of rats exposed to two different intensities of foot shock stress for 30 min (1.5 mA or 2.5 mA) or conditioned fear stress (CFS, after single or repeated foot shock). A low level of foot shock selectively increased the DA metabolism in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), whereas a high level of foot shock increased it in most of the brain regions examined in the present study. A low level of foot shock did not increase the 5-HT metabolism in any regions, but a high-intensity shock increased the 5-HT metabolism in the mPFC, nucleus accumbens, and lateral hypothalamus. Rats that received high-intensity shock displayed more freezing than those that received low-intensity shock in a conditioned fear paradigm (24 h after receiving foot shock, the animals were placed in a shock chamber without being given shock), indicating an augmentation of conditioned fear. The increased DA and 5-HT metabolism were especially marked in the mPFC after CFS following a single foot shock session (2.5 mA). Rats that were repeatedly exposed to 2.5 mA foot shock for a period of 10 days displayed a greater degree of freezing induced by CFS than those given only one foot shock session, indicating an augmentation of fear and stress intensity. CFS after repeated foot shock, like foot shock per se, increased the DA metabolism inmost of the brain regions except for the striatum and increased the 5-HT metabolism in the mPFC, nucleus accumbens, and amygdala. These results suggest that regional patterns of brain DA and 5-HT activation after physical and psychological stress depend on the intensity of that stress, although there are some differences between these stress; and that the more widespread activation of DA and 5-HT after more severe stress might relate to behavioral changes that reflect the augmentationof fear.

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Documento generato il 28/09/20 alle ore 17:26:22